Is It Valid to Pre-Pay Zakat for an Unborn Child? (Shafi’i)

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org
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Answered by Shaykh Shuaib Ally

Question: Assalam alaykum,

My son was born in Ramadan, but I paid zakat for him before he was born. Is the zakat valid?

Answer: Wa alaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

In the Shafi’i school, it would not be valid to pre-pay Zakat al-Fitr for a child that hasn’t been born yet, but is expected to be born later in Ramadan. This is because one cannot pay Zakat al-Fitr before more than one of its legal causes.
One would need to pay the Zakat al-Fitr again, following the birth of the child in Ramadan.

God knows best.

Shuaib Ally

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.