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Reciting Qur’an During Menstruation

Answered as per Shafi'i Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Amjad Rasheed

Is it permissible for a female student of knowledge to recite Qur’an during her period?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Reciting the Qur’an

The position of our school is that it is prohibited for a menstruating woman and someone in post-sexual impurity (Ar. janaba) to recite Qur’an with the intention of study. It is permissible for them to recite Qur’an if they don’t intend study, such as if they merely intend remembrance of Allah (Ar. dhikr), protection from the Devil, or the like. Even if a person in post-sexual impurity or menstruation were to recite the entire Qur’an without the intention of study, it would be permissible. (Mughni, 1.72) So when a menstruating woman needs to recite the Qur’an, she should read it with without the intention of study, such as, for example, by intending protection. This is a legal workaround according to our imams.

Carrying and Touching the Qur’an

It is also prohibited for a menstruating woman and someone in post-sexual impurity to touch or carry the Qur’an, even if it is for other than study. However, it is permissible for them to carry a Qur’an with tafsir intermixed with the verses or in the margins if the number of words of the tafsir is more [m: than the words of the Qur’an], such as the tafsir of Al-Jalalayn. [1] The Malikis permit a menstruating woman to touch the Qur’an if she is a teacher or student, as is mentioned in their reliable books.

– Amjad Rasheed

[Translated by Moustafa Elqabbany]

Notes

[m: 1. This refers to printings of Al-Jalalayn where the number of words of tafsir are in fact more than the words of the Qur’an. Many modern printings include the complete text of the Qur’an as the main part of the page with the tafsir in the margins. Because Al-Jalalayn is a brief tafsir, such printings do not satisfy the criterion mentioned and cannot be touched or carried by a menstruating woman or someone in post-sexual impurity.]

السؤال : هل يجوز لطالبة علم أن تقرأ القرآن أثناء الحيض ؟ الجواب : مذهبنا هو حرمةُ قراءة القرآن بقصد الدراسة للحائض والجنب ، ويجوز لهما القراءة بغير قصد الدراسة كأن يُقصد بها الذكر أو التحصن من الشيطان ونحو ذلك فلو قرأ الجنب والحائض القرآنَ جميعه بغير قصد الدراسة جاز ذلك كما في “المغني” (1/72) ، فمتى احتاجت الحائضُ قراءةَ القرآن فلتقرأه بغير قصد الدراسة بل بقصد التحصن مثلاً وهذه حيلة مشروعة عند أئمتنا . وكذلك يحرم على الحائض والجنب مسُّ المصحف وحملُه ولو لغير الدراسة لكن يجوز لهما حملُ مصحف مع تفسيرٍ ممزوجٍ بآياته أو مكتوبٍ على حواشيه إذا كانت كلماتُ التفسير أكثر كتفسير الجلالين ، وجوَّز المالكية مسَّ المصحف للحائض إن كانت معلمة أو متعلمة كما في معتمدات كتبهم
 

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