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Ruling on Birth Control Conducted Due to the Probability of Having Kids Afflicted with a Genetic Disease

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Darul Iftaa Jordan
I am a married man and bestowed by Allah with two healthy kids; however, I lost my third kid at the age of 3 years and two month as a result of being afflicted with a genetic disease called (Improper fat distribution), and it was confirmed from more than one medical specialists that the probability of having a newborn with genetic disease is (25%) based on genitive factors and recessive genes. Am I permitted and with the consent of my wife to make birth control throughout conducting surgical operation or by any other mean in this regard?

Answer:

 

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.

Islam encourages on the increase of one's offspring in order to preserve the existence of the Islamic nation, attain strength and raise its standing among other nations, since the Prophet (PBUH) said (What means):" Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the peoples by you." [Related by Al-Hakem].

In addition, Islam urges on seeking for medication from various illnesses and to immune the offspring from bodily disorder and insanity so that a weak or sick one won't exist.

Therefore, there is no harm on making birth control if it was approved by a reliable medical committee that a great risk over the mother will take place due to pregnancy, giving birth, death of the newborn or the existence of bodily disorder and insanity within the offspring as stated by the Board of Iftaa' in resolution No. (65).

However, if the risk was unlikely as is the case with the (Questioner), then making birth control is impermissible since he already have sound kids; besides, if the medical report shows that the percent of having an afflicted kid is only (25%); then the percentage of having a sound one is much higher as (75%).

Finally, we advise you (Questioner) to look for a medication's methods that assure you the avoidance of the previous percentage  as well as eliminating the idea of  long-acting reversible contraceptives(LARCs). And Allah knows the best.         

 

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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