Performing Salaah sitting due to a back problem

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

Q: How should a person perform Salaah if he has a back problem? Can he sit on a chair and perform Salaah? I was told that if he does not have a serious back problem and performs Salaah on a chair, his Salaah will not be valid. It this correct?


A: A person with a back problem can read namaaz sitting provided that he experiences substantial difficulty in standing. For example, if reading namaaz standing causes him extreme pain or it will aggravate his back problem or it will delay the healing process, then such a person will be permitted to read namaaz sitting.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

(من تعذر عليه القيام) أي كله (لمرض) حقيقي وحده أن يلحقه بالقيام ضرر به يفتى (قبلها أو فيها) أي الفريضة (أو) حكمي بأن (خاف زيادته أو بطء برئه بقيامه أو دوران رأسه أو وجد لقيامه ألما شديدا) أو كان لو صلى قائما سلس بوله أو تعذر عليه الصوم كما مر (صلى قاعدا)

قال الشامي: واختلفوا في التعذر؛ فقيل ما يبيح الإفطار، وقيل التيمم، وقيل بحيث لو قام سقط، وقيل ما يعجزه عن القيام بحوائجه. والأصح أن يلحقه ضرر بالقيام كذا في النهاية والمجتبى وغيرهما (رد المحتار 2/96)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Motala

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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