Condition for the validity of nikaah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

Q: In my area the Shariah is not applied to its extent. My question is regarding marriage. There are many so called Muslims getting married according to the customs of this area which is not in compliance wih Shariah. People roam freely to choose and meet there life partners instead of the Shariah compliant way. Will these marriages be cosidered as Legal according Shariah?


A: It is a condition for the Nikah to be valid that the proposal and acceptance take place between the bride and bridegroom or their representatives in the presence of two Muslim baaligh male witnesses or one Muslim baaligh male witness and two Muslim baaligh female witnesses. If this condition is fulfilled, the nikaah will be valid.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

ويندب إعلانه وتقديم خطبة وكونه في مسجد يوم جمعة بعاقد رشيد وشهود عدول… ( وينعقد ) ملتبسا ( بإيجاب ) من أحدهما ( وقبول ) من الآخر… ومن شرائط الإيجاب القبول اتحاد المجلس لو حاضرين… ( وشرط سماع كل من العاقدين لفظ الآخر ) ليتحقق رضاهما ( و ) شرط ( حضور ) شاهدين ( حرين ) أو حر وحرتين ( مكلفين سامعين قولهما معا ) على الأصح (الدر المختار 3/ 23-28)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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