Does a promise constitute an oath?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

Q: If one makes a promise by accident or something they don’t want to say comes out of their mouth as a promise to Allah, does the promise have any effect? If a married woman says Allah, I promise not to have sex with anyone and thinks she also included her husband in this, has she promised not to have sex with her husband and will she be sinful to have sex with her husband?

What if a woman explicitly promises not to have sex with her husband by mentioning her husband in the promise. Will she be not allowed to have sex with her husband and will she be sinful for having sex with her husband? 


A: Merely saying the word promise does not constitute an oath.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.


Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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