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Ruling on Shorter Surah in Second Rakaat after Surah Faatihah

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I heard that the Surah recited after Surah Faatihah in the second rakaat should be shorter than the one recited in the first rakaat. What is the Shar’ee ruling regarding this?

Bismillaah

A: There are two views in the Hanafi Mazhab in regard to this mas’alah. Both views have been preferred by different Fuqaha and can be practised upon. The first view is that it is preferable to recite an equal amount of qiraat in the first and second rakaat of all Fardh Salaahs with the exception of Fajr Salaah. The second view is that it is preferable to make the first rakaat longer than the second rakaat in all Fardh Salaah with the exception of Fajr Salaah. As far as Fajr Salaah is concerned, the Fuqaha are unanimous that the first rakaat should be longer than the second rakaat. According to those Fuqaha who are of the opinion that it is preferable to recite an equal amount of qiraat in the first and second rakaat of all Fardh Salaahs, if one makes the first rakaat longer than the second rakaat, it will not be makrooh.ย 

Note: According to all the Fuqaha, the qiraat of the second rakaat should not be longer than the first rakaat. In the case where one makes the second rakaat longer than the first rakaat, then if the second rakaat is longer than the first rakaat by three verses or more, it will be makrooh.ย This law applies to all Salaah, regardless of whether it is a Fardh Salaah, Waajib Salaah, Sunnat Salaah or Nafl Salaah.

And Allah Ta’alaย (ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰)ย knows best.

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(ูˆุชุทุงู„ ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุงู„ูุฌุฑ ุนู„ู‰ ุซุงู†ูŠุชู‡ุง) ุจู‚ุฏุฑ ุงู„ุซู„ุซ ูˆู‚ูŠู„ ุงู„ู†ุตู ู†ุฏุจุง ูู„ูˆ ูุญุด ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุจู‡ (ูู‚ุท) ูˆู‚ุงู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ูˆู„ูŠ ุงู„ูƒู„ ุญุชู‰ ุงู„ุชุฑุงูˆูŠุญ ู‚ูŠู„ ูˆุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ูุชูˆู‰ (ุงู„ุฏุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ 1/542)

ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุนู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงุจู† ุนุงุจุฏูŠู† – ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ -:(ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูˆุชุทุงู„ ุฅู„ุฎ) ุฃูŠ ูŠุทูŠู„ู‡ุง ุงู„ุฅู…ุงู… ูˆู‡ูŠ ู…ุณู†ูˆู†ุฉ ุฅุฌู…ุงุนุง ุฅุนุงู†ุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุฅุฏุฑุงูƒ ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ู„ุฃู† ูˆู‚ุช ุงู„ูุฌุฑ ูˆู‚ุช ู†ูˆู… ูˆุบูู„ุฉ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุนู„ู… ู…ู† ุงู„ุชู‚ูŠูŠุฏ ุจุงู„ุฅู…ุงู… ูˆู…ู† ุงู„ุชุนู„ูŠู„ ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ู†ูุฑุฏ ูŠุณูˆูŠ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุชูŠู† ููŠ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ุงุชูุงู‚ุง ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู…ู†ูŠุฉ ุฃู‚ูˆู„ ูˆุจู…ุง ู…ุฑ ู…ู† ุฃู† ุงู„ุฅุทุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฐูƒูˆุฑุฉ ู…ุณู†ูˆู†ุฉ ุฅุฌู…ุงุนุง ูˆู…ุซู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุชุชุงุฑุฎุงู†ูŠุฉ ุนู„ู… ุฃู† ู…ุง ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู…ู„ุชู‚ู‰ ู„ู„ุจู‡ู†ุณูŠ ู…ู† ุฃู†ู‡ุง ูˆุงุฌุจุฉ ุฅุฌู…ุงุนุง ุบุฑูŠุจ ุฃูˆ ุณุจู‚ ู‚ู„ู… ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุชู„ู…ูŠุฐู‡ ุงู„ุจุงู‚ุงู†ูŠ ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู…ู„ุชู‚ู‰ ู„ู… ุฃุฌุฏู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุชุจ ุงู„ู…ุดู‡ูˆุฑุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ู…ุฐู‡ุจ (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุจู‚ุฏุฑ ุงู„ุซู„ุซ) ุจุฃู† ุชูƒูˆู† ุฒูŠุงุฏุฉ ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ุจู‚ุฏุฑ ุซู„ุซ ู…ุฌู…ูˆุน ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุชูŠู† ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุงููŠ ุญูŠุซ ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุซู„ุซุงู† ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูˆุงู„ุซู„ุซ ููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆู…ุซู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุญู„ูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุจุญุฑ ูˆุงู„ุฏุฑุฑ (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูˆู‚ูŠู„ ุงู„ู†ุตู) ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุญู„ูŠุฉ ู…ุนุฒูŠุง ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุญุจูˆุจูŠ ูˆุญูƒุงู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุจุญุฑ ุนู† ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุตุฉ ู„ูƒู† ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุตุฉ ู„ุง ุชููŠุฏู‡ ู„ุฃู† ุนุจุงุฑุชู‡ุง ู‡ูƒุฐุง ูˆุญุฏ ุงู„ุฅุทุงู„ุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ูุฌุฑ ุฃู† ูŠู‚ุฑุฃ ููŠ ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุฉ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ู…ู† ุนุดุฑูŠู† ุฅู„ู‰ ุซู„ุงุซูŠู† ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ู…ู† ุซู„ุงุซูŠู† ุฅู„ู‰ ุณุชูŠู† ุงู‡ู€ ูˆุฃุฑุฌุน ุงู„ู…ุญุดูŠ ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ ุจุงู„ู†ุตู ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฏ ู†ุตู ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฑูˆุก ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุซู„ุซ ุงู„ู…ุฌู…ูˆุน ูู„ุง ูˆุฌู‡ ู„ุนุฏู‡ ู…ู‚ุงุจู„ุง ู„ู‡ ูˆุฃุทุงู„ ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ูุฑุงุฌุนู‡ ู„ูƒู† ู‚ุฏ ูŠู‚ุงู„ ุฅู† ู…ุฑุงุฏ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุตุฉ ุงู„ุชุฎูŠูŠุฑ ุจูŠู† ุฌุนู„ ุงู„ุฒูŠุงุฏุฉ ุจู‚ุฏุฑ ู†ุตู ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุฃูˆ ู†ุตู ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ูุฅู†ู‡ ุฅุฐุง ู‚ุฑุฃ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุซู„ุงุซูŠู† ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ุนุดุฑูŠู† ูุงู„ุฒูŠุงุฏุฉ ุจู‚ุฏุฑ ู†ุตู ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆู„ูˆ ู‚ุฑุฃ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุณุชูŠู† ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ุซู„ุงุซูŠู† ูุงู„ุฒูŠุงุฏุฉ ุจู‚ุฏุฑ ู†ุตู ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูˆุจู‡ุฐุง ูŠุบุงูŠุฑ ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ูุชุฃู…ู„ (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ู†ุฏุจุง) ุฑุงุฌุน ู„ู„ู‚ูˆู„ูŠู† ูŠุนู†ูŠ ุฃู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุชู‚ุฏูŠุฑ ููŠ ูƒู„ ุจูŠุงู† ู„ู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูุฅู† ู„ู… ูŠุฑุงุนู‡ ูู‡ูˆ ุฎู„ุงู ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูˆู‡ูˆ ู…ุนู†ู‰ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุจู‡ ุญ (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูู„ูˆ ูุญุด) ุจุฃู† ู‚ุฑุฃ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุจุฃุฑุจุนูŠู† ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ุจุซู„ุงุซ ุขูŠุงุช ู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุจู‡ ูˆุจู‡ ูˆุฑุฏ ุงู„ุฃุซุฑ ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฐุฎูŠุฑุฉ ูˆุบูŠุฑู‡ุง (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูู‚ุท) ู„ู…ุง ุงุญุชู…ู„ ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงู„ูุฌุฑ ู…ุฌุฑุฏ ู…ุซุงู„ ู„ุง ู„ู„ุชู‚ูŠูŠุฏ ุฃุฑุฏูู‡ ุจู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ู†ู‡ุฑ (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุญุชู‰ ุงู„ุชุฑุงูˆูŠุญ) ุนุฒุงู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุฎุฒุงุฆู† ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฎุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆุธุงู‡ุฑ ู‡ุฐุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุฌู…ุนุฉ ูˆุงู„ุนูŠุฏูŠู† ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงู ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ุฌุงู…ุน ุงู„ู…ุญุจูˆุจูŠ ู„ูƒู† ููŠ ู†ุธู… ุงู„ุฒู†ุฏูˆูŠุณุชูŠ ุงู„ุงุชูุงู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ุชุณูˆูŠุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุงุกุฉ ููŠู‡ู…ุง ูˆุฃูŠุฏู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุญู„ูŠุฉ ุจุงู„ุฃุญุงุฏูŠุซ ุงู„ูˆุงุฑุฏุฉ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุชุถูŠุฉ ู„ุนุฏู… ุฅุทุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ููŠู‡ู…ุง (ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ู‚ูŠู„ ูˆุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ูุชูˆู‰) ู‚ุงุฆู„ู‡ ููŠ ู…ุนุฑุงุฌ ุงู„ุฏุฑุงูŠุฉ ูˆู…ุซู„ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ู…ุฌุชุจู‰ ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุชุชุงุฑุฎุงู†ูŠุฉ ุนู† ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู…ุฃุฎูˆุฐ ู„ู„ูุชูˆู‰ ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุตุฉ ุฅู†ู‡ ุฃุญุจ ูˆุฌู†ุญ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ููŠ ูุชุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุฑ ู„ู…ุง ุฑูˆุงู‡ ุงู„ุจุฎุงุฑูŠ ู…ู† ุฃู†ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุตู„ุงุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ูƒุงู† ูŠุทูˆู„ ููŠ ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุฃูŠ ู…ู† ุงู„ุธู‡ุฑ ู…ุง ู„ุง ูŠุทูˆู„ ููŠ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆู‡ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุนุตุฑ ูˆู‡ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุตุจุญ ูˆู†ุงุฒุนู‡ ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ู…ู†ูŠุฉ ุจุฃู†ู‡ ู…ุญู…ูˆู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅุทุงู„ุฉ ู…ู† ุญูŠุซ ุงู„ุซู†ุงุก ูˆุงู„ุชุนูˆุฐ ูˆุจู…ุง ุฏูˆู† ุซู„ุงุซ ุขูŠุงุช ุถุฑูˆุฑุฉ ุงู„ุชูˆููŠู‚ ุจูŠู†ู‡ ูˆุจูŠู† ู…ุง ุฑูˆุงู‡ ู…ุณู„ู… ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุณุนูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฎุฏุฑูŠ ุญูŠุซ ู‚ุงู„ ูุญุฒุฑ ู‚ูŠุงู…ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุธู‡ุฑ ููŠ ูƒู„ ุฑูƒุนุฉ ู‚ุฏุฑ ุซู„ุงุซูŠู† ุขูŠุฉ ูุฅู†ู‡ ุฃูุงุฏ ุงู„ุชุณูˆูŠุฉ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุชูŠู† ุงู‡ู€ ูˆู‚ุงู„ ููŠ ุงู„ุญู„ูŠุฉ ุจุนุฏ ุฃู† ุญู‚ู‚ ุฏู„ูŠู„ู‡ู…ุง ููŠุธู‡ุฑ ุนู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุฃู† ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ู…ุง ุฃุญุจ ู„ุง ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูˆุฃู† ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ูƒูˆู† ุงู„ูุชูˆู‰ ุนุงู…ุฉ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ู…ุง ู„ุง ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ูˆุฃู‚ุฑู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ุจุญุฑ ูˆุงู„ุดุฑู†ุจู„ุงู„ูŠุฉ ูˆุงุนุชู…ุฏ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ู…ุง ููŠ ุงู„ูƒู†ุฒ ูˆุงู„ู…ู„ุชู‚ู‰ ูˆุงู„ู…ุฎุชุงุฑ ูˆุงู„ู‡ุฏุงูŠุฉ ูู„ุฐุง ุงุนุชู…ุฏู‡ ุงู„ู…ุตู†ู ุฃูŠุถุง (ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ 1/542)

ูˆุฅุทุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุงุกุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ู…ู† ุงู„ูุฌุฑ ู…ุณู†ูˆู†ุฉ ุจุงู„ุฅุฌู…ุงุน ูˆู‚ุงู„ ู…ุญู…ุฏ ุฑุญู…ู‡ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ ุฃุญุจ ุฅู„ูŠ ุฃู† ูŠุทูˆู„ ุงู„ุฑูƒุนุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ุตู„ูˆุงุช ูƒู„ู‡ุง ูˆุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ูุชูˆู‰ ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฒุงู‡ุฏูŠ ูˆู…ุนุฑุงุฌ ุงู„ุฏุฑุงูŠุฉ ูˆููŠ ุงู„ุญุฌุฉ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู…ุฃุฎูˆุฐ ู„ู„ูุชูˆู‰ ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุชุชุงุฑุฎุงู†ูŠุฉ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฎู„ุงู ุงู„ุฌู…ุนุฉ ูˆุงู„ุนูŠุฏุงู† ู‡ูƒุฐุง ููŠ ุงู„ุจุฏุงุฆุน.(ุงู„ูุชุงูˆู‰ ุงู„ู‡ู†ุฏูŠุฉ 1/78)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)


Q: Does this note applies to fardh salah only or every Salaah?

Bismillaah

A: The note applies to all Salaah, regardless of whether it is a Fardh Salaah, Waajib Salaah, Sunnat Salaah or Nafl Salaah.

And Allah Ta’ala (ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰) knows best.

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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