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Taking an oath in the mind

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q:

1. If one takes an oath in the mind, is it valid? Suppose if we realize that our oath is invalid (oath on not to do something etc) is it necessary to keep up our oath?

2. If we take an oath by saying ‘Allah qasam’ does it mean oath or promise and even if we take by that word is it valid if we say it in mind?

3. I do not want to take an oath on particular things but if I make it against my will without making up my mind (to say like I feel like I took an oath in mind within 3 or 4 seconds against my willing) but I think I didn’t take it intentionally but I feel to be not sure also. In this case should I keep up my oath or no need?

4. Does an unwilling or unintentional oath or promise count?

Bismillaah

A:

1. No

2. If you take an oath and verbally say the words “Allah qasam”, the oath will be valid.

3. Taking an oath in the mind is not valid.

4. If he verbally uttered the oath but did not intend carrying it out, the oath will be valid.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

 

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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