Taking an oath in one’s mind

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

Q: I have a question regarding oath. I have taken an oath. I cannot recall whether I uttered (said it verbally) the whole statement of the oath or the last few words of the oath and thought the rest in my mind. I cannot even recall whether I only moved my lips with no sound or I have made sound. In order to take an oath is it mandatory for the person to hear himself? Please advise if my is oath valid. Do I have to pay expedition for breaking this oath. I am really worried. Please advise.


A: If you had taken the oath in your mind, the oath will not be valid.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.


Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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