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Women travelling without their mahrams

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: Is it permissible for a female to take a flight on her own, if a mahram drops here on one side of the journey and a mahram picks her up on the other side? Basically for the duration of the flight there is no mahram.


A: Severe warnings have been sounded in the Ahaadith for a woman travelling without a mahram. In the case in question, though she will be dropped off at the airport by her mahram and will be picked up at her destination by another mahram, however since she will be travelling throughout the journey without a mahram, it will not be permissible.

عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا تسافر المرأة ثلاثة أيام إلا مع ذي محرم (بخاري #1086)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “It is impermissible for a woman to travel for the distance of safar except in the case where she is accompanied by a mahram.” (Bukhaari #1086)

عن أبى سعيد قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يحل لامرأة تؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر أن تسافر سفرا فوق ثلاثة أيام فصاعدا إلا ومعها أبوها أو أخوها أو زوجها أو ابنها أو ذو محرم منها (أبو داود رقم 1728 – ترمذي رقم 1169)

Hazrat Abu Saeed (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah Ta’ala and the day of qiyamat to travel for the distance of safar or more without a mahram. However if she travels with her father, brother, husband, son or any other mahram, it will be permissible.” (Tirmizi #1169, Abu Dawood  #1728)

وعن ابن عمر قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم سفر المرأة مع عبدها ضيعة (مجمع الزوائد #5302)

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “A woman travelling with her slave (or any other na mahram) is destruction to her Deen.” (Majmuz Zawaaid #5302)

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

الحرة لا تسافر ثلاثة أيام بلا محرم (رد المحتار ​6/390)

( و ) مع ( زوج أو محرم ) ولو عبدا أو ذميا أو برضاع ( بالغ ) قيد لهما كما في النهر بحثا ( عاقل والمراهق كبالغ ) جوهرة … لامرأة حرة ولو عجوزا في سفر

و قال في الشامي​ة : قوله ( حرة ) … أشار به إلى أن ما استفيد من المقام من عدم جواز السفر للمرأة إلا بزوج أو محرم خاص بالحرة, قوله ( في سفر ) هو ثلاثة أيام ولياليها (رد المحتار 2/464)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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