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Relations With the Kuffaar 2

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Mahmoodiyah


Wa ‘alaikum as-salaam wa Rahmatullah wa barakatuhu,

Mufti Sahib,

Alhamdulillah, I now understand that having a very close, hearty relationship with the Kuffaar is Haraam and that having a strictly business relationship with them is also permissible; but I did not quite grasp how a relationship is classified as Muwaasaat and Mudaaraat (i.e. the second and third types).





Muwaalaat (the first type) is a hearty relationship i.e. a bond based on each others love.  Muwaasaat, as formerly explained, is an inferior form of friendship in which love does not play a role e.g. an academic relationship.

The third type (Mudaaraat) is a pretended relationship. One usually maintains such a relation with a disbeliever in order to attract him to the Deen of Islam.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

Ebrahim bin Zainul Abedeen Backus

Attested to as correct by:

Mufti Muhammad Ashraf

Darul Iftaa

Jameah Mahmoodiyah


24 February 2005

15 Muharram 1426

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