Permissible Pets in Islam

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Mahmoodiyah


Q1-Is it permissible to keep the following as pets 1-Lion 2-Monkey 3-Lizads 4-Mice 5-Squirel ? if it is not permissible  could you please give the reason

Q2-Is it permissible to ride on a Elephant ?

Q3-Did Prophet (S.A.W.) or the Sahaba keep or ride on a Elephant?




  1. If some of benefit is derived from the following pets, i.e. lion, mice, monkeys, squirrels, etc and if their necessities are fulfilled, then to keep them will be permissible.  (Raddul Muhtaar, Vol. 5, Page 284)

It is not permissible to keep a lizard as a pet because Nabi (S.A.W.) has commanded that it should be killed.  (Fataawaa Mahmoodiyah, Vol. 5, Page 134 and 389)

  1. It is permissible to ride on an elephant.  (Fataawaa Mahmoodiyah, Vol. 14, Page 428)

  1. Nabi (S.A.W.) did not ride nor keep an elephant because this animal was not found in the Arabian Peninsula.  The possibility exists that the Sahabah rode on elephants since they migrated to Iran after the conquest of Iran.  

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

Nezaam bin Yahya Ali

Attested to as correct by:

Mufti Muhammad Ashraf

Darul Iftaa

Jameah Mahmoodiyah


22 June 2004

03 Jumaadul Oola 1425

This answer was collected in 2012 from the website of Jameah Mahmoodiyah, South Africa. The original website no longer exists.

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