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Clarification regarding the narration on houses in Jannah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by HadithAnswers.com
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Question

My question is regarding the below Hadith:

“I guarantee a house on the outskirts of Jannah for one who leaves arguments even if he is right, and a house in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lies even when joking, and a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who makes his character excellent.”

Is this a Hadith Qudsi, where the pronoun “I” is referring to Allah, because no one but He can guarantee entry into Jannah, not even Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).

 

Answer

The Hadith in question is recorded in Sunan Abi Dawud on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Umamah (radiyallahu ‘anhu).

(Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 4767)

 

The Hadith is not a Hadith Qudsi and the “I” is referring to Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is not granting any person entry into Jannah. He is merely standing guarantee or giving assurance that a house will be built in Jannah for those who desist from doing what was mentioned in the Hadith.

Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would have only uttered this statement after receiving Wahi from Allah Ta’ala, therefore he could give such an assurance just as he has explained the virtues of many other deeds in other Hadiths.

The same applies to every promise or warning found in the Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

 

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

 

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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