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Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) explains Islam, Iman and Hijrah

What is the source of this Hadith?

عن عمرو بن عبسة قال: قال رجل: يا رسول الله، ما الإسلام؟ قال: أن يُسلم قلبك لله عز وجل، وأن يَسلم المسلمون من لسانك ويدك ، قال: فأي الإسلام أفضل؟ قال: الإيمان ، قال: وما الإيمان؟ قال: تؤمن بالله وملائكته وكتبه ورسله، والبعث بعد الموت، قال: فأي الإيمان أفضل؟ قال: الهجرة، قال: فما الهجرة؟ قال:تهجر السوء، قال: فأي الهجرة أفضل؟ قال:الجهاد، قال: وما الجهاد؟ قال:أن تقاتل الكفار إذا لقيتهم، قال: فأي الجهاد أفضل؟ قال:من عقر جواده وأهريق دمه، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: ثم عملان هما أفضل الأعمال إلا من عمل بمثلهما: حجة مبرورة أو عمرة


This narration is recorded in Musnad Ahmad on the authority of Sayyiduna ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasah (radiyallahu ‘anhu).

(Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4 pg. 114)


Sayyiduna ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports: “A man once said, O Messenger of Allah! What is Islam?” Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘That your heart submits/surrenders to Allah ‘Azza wa Jalla and the Muslims are safe from [the harm] of your tongue and hand.’ He then asked, Which type of Islam is best?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Iman’, upon which he asked, ‘And what is Iman?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘That you believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His Messengers and resurrection after death.’ The man asked further, ‘Which type of Iman is the best?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘Hijrah’, upon which he asked, ‘What is Hijrah?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘That you abandon sins.’ This person continued, ‘So which type of Hijrah is the best?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Jihad’, upon which the questioner asked, ‘And what is jihad?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied, ‘That you fight the disbelievers when you encounter them [in battle].’ He then asked, ‘Which jihad is best?’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘That jihad wherein a person’s horse is wounded and his blood spilt.’ Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) then said, ‘And two actions, they are the most virtuous of actions, except for those who also carry them out; an accepted Hajj or ‘Umrah.’”

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

This answer was collected from HadithAnswers.com. The answers were either answered or checked by Moulana Haroon Abasoomar (rahimahullah) who was a Shaykhul Hadith in South Africa, or by his son, Moulana Muhammad Abasoomer (hafizahullah), who is a Hadith specialist. 

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