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Is Zakaat due on a minor?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com

Question

Salams, I have a question regarding Zakat, my son who is 6 years old has a bank account under his name. This money was given to him when he was born and given over a number of years.

Do I pay Zakat on this money, last year I did and I told him that I had to give some of his money to charity and he understood.

Please can you let me know

Jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Sister in Islam,

In principle, there is no Zakaat due on a minor. Therefore, there is no Zakaat due on the money belonging to your son. [1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Mufti Muhammad I.V Patel

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli.

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah
Lusaka, Zambia

______________________

[1] الاختيار لتعليل المختار (1/ 99)

وَلَا تَجِبُ إِلَّا عَلَى الْحُرِّ الْمُسْلِمِ الْعَاقِلِ (ف) الْبَالِغِ (ف) إِذَا مَلَكَ نِصَابًا خَالِيًا عَنِ الدَّيْنِ فَاضِلًا عَنْ حَوَائِجِهِ الْأَصْلِيَّةِ مِلْكًا تَامًّا فِي طَرَفَيِ الْحَوْلِ

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 4)

وَمِنْهَا الْبُلُوغُ عِنْدَنَا فَلَا تَجِبُ عَلَى الصَّبِيِّ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ عَلِيٍّ وَابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ فَإِنَّهُمَا قَالَا: ” لَا تَجِبُ الزَّكَاةُ عَلَى الصَّبِيِّ حَتَّى تَجِبَ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ

وَمِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا مَنْ بَنَى الْمَسْأَلَةَ عَلَى أَصْلٍ وَهُوَ أَنَّ الزَّكَاةَ عِبَادَةٌ عِنْدَنَا، وَالصَّبِيُّ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِ وُجُوبِ الْعِبَادَةِ فَلَا تَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ كَمَا لَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ الصَّوْمُ وَالصَّلَاةُ،

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 171)

(وَشَرْطُ وُجُوبِهَا الْعَقْلُ وَالْبُلُوغُ) إذْ لَا تَكْلِيفَ بِدُونِهِمَا (وَالْإِسْلَامُ) لِأَنَّهُ شَرْطٌ لِصِحَّةِ الْعِبَادَاتِ كُلِّهَا (وَالْحُرِّيَّةُ) لِيَتَحَقَّقَ التَّمْلِيكُ لِأَنَّ الرَّقِيقَ لَا يَمْلِكُ فَيُمْلَكُ

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 258)

وإسلام وحرية وشرط افتراضها عقل وبلوغ

(قوله عقل وبلوغ) فلا تجب على مجنون وصبي لأنها عبادة محضة وليسا مخاطبين بها، وإيجاب النفقات والغرامات لكونها من حقوق العباد والعشر، وصدقة الفطر لأن فيهما معنى المؤنة

 

 

This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah – Lusaka, Zambia.

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