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Consuming something after knowledge of fasting

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DaruliftaaZambia.com

Question

Slms,

Yesterday, I was fasting and by mistake, I ate a piece of chocolate – a little of it was in my mouth when I remembered

So I was kind of confused: to spit out or to swallow?

I swallowed it as I had heard that if one eats something by mistake when fasting, he should stop when he remembers, but swallow what was in the mouth.

If my fast had broken, how do I pay back?

jazakaAllah khayr

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if one eats something forgetfully in the state of fasting, the fast does not break.

If after consuming something forgetfully, one becomes aware that he/she is fasting, one should not continue eating. Thereafter, if one consumes something intentionally, one will have to make qadha of that fast. There will be no Kaffarah due. [1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Mufti Muhammad I.V Patel

 

Checked and Approved by
Mufti Nabeel Valli.

Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah
Lusaka, Zambia

www.daruliftaazambia.com

[1]

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 100)

وَلَوْ أَكَلَ أَوْ شَرِبَ أَوْ جَامَعَ نَاسِيًا أَوْ ذَرَعَهُ الْقَيْءُ فَظَنَّ أَنَّ ذَلِكَ يُفْطِرُ فَأَكَلَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مُتَعَمِّدًا، فَعَلَيْهِ الْقَضَاءُ وَلَا كَفَّارَةَ عَلَيْهِ، لِأَنَّ الشُّبْهَةَ هَهُنَا اسْتَنَدَتْ إلَى مَا هُوَ دَلِيلٌ فِي الظَّاهِرِ لِوُجُودِ الْمُضَادِّ لِلصَّوْمِ فِي الظَّاهِرِ وَهُوَ الْأَكْلُ وَالشُّرْبُ وَالْجِمَاعُ حَتَّى قَالَ مَالِكٌ بِفَسَادِ الصَّوْمِ بِالْأَكْلِ نَاسِيًا، وَقَالَ أَبُو حَنِيفَةَ: لَوْلَا قَوْلُ النَّاسِ لَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَقْضِي

 

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 201)

(قَوْلُهُ نَاسِيًا) أَيْ لَمْ يُفْطِرْ قَالَ الْكَمَالُ إلَّا فِيمَا إذَا أَكَلَ نَاسِيًا فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَنْتَ صَائِمٌ فَلَمْ يَتَذَكَّرْ وَاسْتَمَرَّ ثُمَّ تَذَكَّرَ فَإِنَّهُ يُفْطِرُ عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ وَأَبِي يُوسُفَ؛ لِأَنَّهُ أُخْبِرَ بِأَنَّ الْأَكْلَ حَرَامٌ عَلَيْهِ، وَخَبَرُ الْوَاحِدِ حُجَّةٌ فِي الدِّيَانَاتِ فَكَانَ يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَلْتَفِتَ إلَى تَأَمُّلِ الْحَالِ

وَقَالَ زُفَرُ وَالْحَسَنُ: لَا يُفْطِرُ؛ لِأَنَّهُ نَاسٍ اهـ

قُلْتُ فَكَذَلِكَ الْحُكْمُ فِي الشُّرْبِ وَالْجِمَاعِ لِعَدَمِ الْفَرْقِ اهـ

 

مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 245)

وإذا ذكر الناسي وهو يأكل فقيل له إنك صائم؟ فلم يتذكر يلزمه القضاء في المختار “وإن لم يكن له قوة فالأولى عدم تذكيره” لما فيه من قطع الرزق واللطف به سواء كان شيخا أو شابا

 

 

This answer was collected from Daruliftaazambia.com, which serves as a gateway to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah – Lusaka, Zambia.

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