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Travelling on Friday

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Can I travel on Friday if I am to miss Friday prayers because of train timing?


The following conditions must be met in order for Jummah Salah to be obligatory:

  1. To be male
  2. To be within the boundary of a town (Muqeem)
  3. To be healthy (physically able to perform Salah)
  4. The road should be safe
  5. Not to be physically handicapped. (Kitabul Fiqh p.603 v.1)

The following conditions are necessary for the Jummah Salah to be correct:

  1. A large town
  2. Time of Zuhr prayer
  3. The Khutbah
  4. Congregation

There are three people besides the Imam (four Muslims) at your workplace which will constitute the congregation.  The presence of females or minors only is not enough.   (Raddul Muhtar p.24 v.3)

  1. Izn Aaam (general call for the prayer)

It is permissible to undertake a journey before the beginning the Zuhr prayer (Zawaal) on Friday. However, it is Makruh Tahreemi to undertake a journey after Zawaal on a Friday without performing the Jummah Salah as Jummah Salah is obligatory upon a Muqeem (resident of a town).

Saaiduna Ibn Umar raḍyAllāhu 'anhu (may Allāh be pleased with him) has satated, “Jummah does not prevent a person from undertaking a journey as long as the time for the Jummah Salah has not arrived. (Kanzul Ummal p.40 v.1)

Only Allah Knows Best

Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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