Answered by: Maulana Tammim Tharik Mohamadou
I have recently noticed the ingredient Shellac in many chocolate-based confectioneries that are consumed amongst many Muslims. After some research, I have been left confused as to whether or not Shellac is permissible, due to the difference in opinion of many reliable scholars. I have read Fatwa ID: 04533 which was answered by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah, but I understand that this fatwa only discusses ‘Hawwan’ and the consumption of insects as impermissible but does not clearly state the opinion on the shellac itself.
In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
The link of the fatwa that you have mentioned is the following:
The Shellac – according to Wikipedia – is a resin secreted by the female lac bug on trees in the forests of India and Thailand. The lac bug is in the same superfamily as the insect from which cochineal is obtained.
So, this is clearly an insect produced content and all insects are considered to be from the “Hawwam” category according to Shari’ah which is an Arabic word referring to domestic pests such as insects, rodents, reptiles, worms, spiders, and other crawling slithering animals.
As a result, all insect-based content or insect produced content will be unlawful to consume as correctly mentioned in the above fatwa.
Hence, all confectioneries containing Shellac will not be lawful to consume.
Only Allah knows best
Written by Maulana Tammim Tharik Mohamadou
Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham