Home » Hanafi Fiqh » DarulIftaBirmingham » Is Hookah Haram?

Is Hookah Haram?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Alimah Siddiqa al-Farsiyyah


Is hookah haram?

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيْم

In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful


Regarding your question on hookah, the nature of the ruling will differ based on different scenarios:

Firstly, if the hookah instrument is vaporizing an impure or intoxicating substance such as cannabis, opium, black henbane, etc., then smoking hookah will be haram (impermissible).[1]

Secondly, if the hookah is tobacco-free, nicotine-free and even smoke-free and only produces flavoured vapour and stream, then making use of this type of hookah would be permissible[2] although discouraged, as this usually entails going to hookah cafes, intermingling of the genders, imitating the non-believers, wasting one’s time etc.

Lastly, if the hookah is tobacco-based, then although it is permissible in essence, smoking it would be makruh (disliked) due to external factors such as:

1. It is harmful to one’s health

2. It produces bad odour which disturbs others

3. It can cause addictiveness

4. Using it usually entails going to hookah cafes, imitating the non-believers in their act of being heedless of Allāh Ta’ālā, etc.

Maulānā Rashīd Ahmad Gangōhī, Maulānā ‘Abdul Hayy Lucknawī, Muftī ‘Azīzur Rahmān, and Muftī Shafī’ all deem the smoking of tobacco to be makrūh tanzīhī. Maulānā Ashrah ‘Alī Thānwī deems it makrūh and adds that it will be tanzīhī or tahrīmī based on external factors. In other words, if its usage results in more harm and sin, then the severity of its ruling will increase.[3]

Only Allāh knows best

Written by Alimah Siddiqa al-Farsiyyah

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Iftā Birmingham

[1] Allamah Ibnu Abidin, Raddul Muhtar V.10 Pg. 46, Al-Maktabah Al-Ashrafiyyah 

[2] Ibnu Nujaym, Al-Ashbah Wan-Nadhair, Pg.69, Qadimi Kutub Khan

[3] Mufti Abdurrahim Lajpuri, Fatawa Rahimiyyah, V.10 Pg.211, Darul Isha’ah

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

Read answers with similar topics: