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Severity of missing Salah

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham


Answered by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah


Question:


Asalamu alaikum 


Is missing one Salah on purpose worse than murder? Or is the general abandonment of Salah worse than murder (as mentioned by Ibn Qayyim)?


Answer:


Bismillah


Personally, I have not come across the aforementioned statement of Imam Ibn Qayim raḥimahullāh (may Allāh have mercy upon him). However, the upshot of the statement is to show the severity of discarding the salah.


The Prophet of Allah ṣallallāhu 'alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings of Allāh be upon him) said: “The covenant that stands between us and them is prayer; whoever gives it up is a disbeliever.” (Sunan Nasaai p.81 v.1, Sunan Tirmizi & Musnad Ahmad)


The Zawahir sect have said that a person does become a kafir by missing his or her salah.   However, other scholars have said that the person has committed such an action, which has taken him close to leaving the fold of Islam. 


Imam Malik raḥimahullāh (may Allāh have mercy upon him) and Imam Shafee raḥimahullāh (may Allāh have mercy upon him) have said it is lawful to kill the person who misses his salah even though the person does not become a kafir.  Imam Abu Hanifah raḥimahullāh (may Allāh have mercy upon him) is of the view that the person would not be killed nor will his actions constitute kufr rather he ought to be sent to jail until he starts reading salah.  (Mazaahirul Haqq p.506 v.1)


Only Allah Knows Best


Mohammed Tosir Miah


Darul Ifta Birmingham


This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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