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Is it still necessary for me to observe the Jumu`ah prayer in the particular case given?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by AskOurImam.com

Asalaamualykum-wa-Rehmatullaahi-wa-Barakaatahu-wa-Magfeeratahu! Mohatram Mufti sahab! Umeed hai Aap hazrat khairiyat se honge!

Aik maslaa yeh thaa ke mujhe company offshore bhej rahi hai wahaan par 28 ya 40 days bhi lag sakte hain. Jumaa ka maslaa thaa kya karun? Oos duration main kaheen par jaa bhi nahee sakte. Kam se kam samandar 50 km door hota hai khushki se. Iss silsile main tafseel se rehnumaayi farmayen. Jazaakumullaah!!!

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Is soorat mae aap kae zimma jumuah kae liyae jaanaa zarooree nahee. Wahee apnae maqaam par zuhr kee namaaz khud[1] adaa kar liyaa karae[2].

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net

 

References
[1] وكره تحريما لمعذور … أداء ظهر بجماعة في مصر قبل الجمعة وبعدها … وكذا أهل مصر فاتتهم الجمعة فإنهم يصلون الظهر بغير أذان ولا إقامة ولا جماعة

[Ad-Durr al-Mukhtar ma`a Radd al-Muhtar, 2: 157, H.M. Saeed Coompany]

[Fatwa Mahmudiyyah, 8: 35, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Faruqiyyah Karachi]

[2]أما المصر الجامع، فشرط وجوب الجمعة وشرط صحة أدائها عند أصحابنا حتى لا تجب الجمعة إلا على أهل المصر ومن كان ساكنا في توابعه

[Bada`I as-Sana`I fi tartib as-Sha`ra`I, 2: 188, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah;

لا تجب الجمعة إلا على أهل الأمصار والمدائن … وعليهم أن يعيدو الظهر

[Al-Asl li al-Imam Muhammad bin al-Hasan as-Shaybani, 1: 299, Dar Ibn Hazm; Sharh Mukhtasar at-Tahawi, 2: 123, Dar al-Basha`ir al-Islamiyyah; Radd al-Muhtar ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, 2: 137, H.M. Saeed Company; Al-Bahr ar-Ra`iq, 2: 248, Maktabah Rashidiyyah; Awjaz al-Masalik, 2: 246, Idarah Islamiyyaat]

[Fatwa Mahmudiyyah, 8: 38, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Faruqiyyah Karachi; Imdad al-Ahkam, 1: 777-8, Maktabah Dar al-Uloom Karachi; Imdad al-Fatawa, 1: 529, Maktabah Dar al-Uloom Karachi]

A requirement for the validity of Jumu`ah prayer is misr. The definition of misr can be found at: Imdad al-Ahkam, 1: 759, Maktabah Dar al-Uloom Karachi; Imdad al-Ahkam, 1: 542-48, Maktabah Dar al-Uloom Karachi; Kifayat al-Mufti, 3: 240 & 255, Dar al-Isha`at Karachi]

This answer was collected from AskOurImam.com, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Hanif Yusuf Patel. He graduated from Jamiatul Ilm Wal Huda, Blackburn, U.K, with a distinction in Alimiyyah degree. He thereafter travelled to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah Durban, South Africa, to train as a Mufti under the tutelage of Mufti Ebrahim Desai and Mufti Husain Kadodia.

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