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Will a Talaaq be issue by simple imagination followed by a smile or a sound from simply the nose?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by AskOurImam.com

As Salamu Alaykum

I need answer about Talaaq

  1. If a husband thinks (a lot) about Talaaq and talks `I divorce` or `I give Talaq` not by mouth but sound exiting via nose and following a breath (not opening the mouth). The sound is not clear because it exists from the nose. Is this Talaaq?
  2. If a husband imaginary (thinking about Talaaq) and he smiles because he agrees with his imagination (niyyat + imagination + smiles because he agrees with in the imagination) but he did not say `I divorce you` with mouth but just in the imagination then smile (there is no clear sound because there is no mouth movement). Smile in this case does it mean Talaaq?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, Talaaq (divorce) will not occur if the intention of divorce is not expressed from the mouth in words[1] or in writing[2]. Hence, in reference to both your questions, Talaaq will not take place.

You should consider consulting a medical expert for the types of thoughts you experience. Appropriate medication will help the balance of your thoughts and mind.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel

Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

[1] ولو نوى طلاقا ولم يتلفظ بلفظ لم يعتبر طلاقا لئلا يتغير المشروع وهو شرعية الوقوع بألفاظ الطلاق.

[Al-Inayah Sharh al-Hidayah, 4: 50]

لو أجرى الطلاق على قلبه وحرّك لسانه من غير تلفظ يسمع، لا يقع

[Maraqi al-Falah Sharh Nur al-Idhah, p.50, Maktabah Imdadiyah, Multan]

(وقوله ركنه لفظ مخصوص) هو ما جعل دلالة على معنى الطلاق من صريح أو كناية … وبه ظهر أن من تشاجر مع زوجته فأعطاها ثلاثة أحجار ينوي الطلاق ولم يذكر لفظا لا صريحا ولا كناية لا يقع عليه .

[Radd al-Muhtar ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, 3:230, H.M. Saeed Company]

[Fatawa Mahmoodiyah, 12:249; 264-6, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Farooqiyah Karachi; Kifayat al-Mufti, 6: 31, Dar al-Isha`at, Karachi]

[2] كل كتاب لم يكتبه بخطه، ولم يمل بنفسه، لا يقع الطلاق مالم يقرّ أنه كتابه

[Radd al-Muhtar ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtar, 3: 247, H.M. Saeed Company]

[Fatawa Mahmoodiyah, 12: 270; Ahsan al-Fatawa, 5: 148; Fatawa Dar al-Uloom Deoband, 10: 142, Dar al-Isha`at, Karachi]

This answer was collected from AskOurImam.com, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Hanif Yusuf Patel. He graduated from Jamiatul Ilm Wal Huda, Blackburn, U.K, with a distinction in Alimiyyah degree. He thereafter travelled to Darul Iftaa Mahmudiyyah Durban, South Africa, to train as a Mufti under the tutelage of Mufti Ebrahim Desai and Mufti Husain Kadodia.

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