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“The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “a woman who reveals her body or even wears tight fitting clothes won’t come within 500 yreas of the smell of Jannah”…please give it reference and authenticity

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

AsslamuAlaikum Mufti sahib,

is this following hadith is authentic hadith, please give it reference and authenticity

Hadith is, “The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “a woman who reveals her body or even wears tight fitting clothes won’t come within 500 yreas of the smell of Jannah”.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

The Hadith comes in the Mu’atta of Imam Malik with the following words:

 

و حدثني عن مالك عن مسلم بن أبي مريم عن أبي صالح عن أبي هريرة أنه قال نساء كاسيات عاريات مائلات مميلات لا يدخلن الجنة ولا يجدن ريحها وريحها يوجد من مسيرة خمس مائة عام

Malik narrates from Muslim bin Abu Maryam who narrates from Abu Saleh who narrates from Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu)that he said, “Women who are dressed but appear naked, who will be inclined (towards men) and make (men) incline (toward them).  They will not enter Jannah and they will not smell its fragrance where as its fragrance can be would be smelt from the distance of 500 years.

 

In most of the narrations of Mu’atta the chain reaches up to Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) and not up to the Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam).  Only the chain of Abdullah bin Naafay reaches up to Rasullah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam).  Regardless of the case, it will treated as a Marfoo’ narration (chain reaching Rasulullah), since the topic of the Hadith is not something which can be understood by analogy.  Therefore, Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) must have heard it from Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam). (Awjaz al-Masalik 16:174)

 

 

A similar narration also comes in Sahih Muslim and Musnad Imam Ahmed.  The wordings of Sahih Muslim are:

 

عن أبي هريرة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم صنفان من أهل النار لم أرهما قوم معهم سياط كأذناب البقر يضربون بها الناس ونساء كاسيات عاريات مميلات مائلات رءوسهن كأسنمة البخت المائلة لا يدخلن الجنة ولا يجدن ريحها وإن ريحها ليوجد من مسيرة كذا وكذا

Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) has said, “Two groups from the inhabitants of Hell whom I did not see. People having flogs like the tails of the ox with them and they would be beating people, and the women who would be dressed but appear to be naked, who would be inclined (toward men) and make men incline towards them. Their heads would be like the humps of the bukht camel inclined to one side. They will not enter Jannah and they will not fragrance its scent whereas its fragrance would be smelt from such and such distance.

 

This Hadith is authentic.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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