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Miscellaneous question with regards to Salah and Jama’at.

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Question:    
1.    Do I have to make iqamatus sallah for the duha prayer?
2.    It is permissible for me to play soccer with my friends in a league and gain gift or cup?
3.    Do we have to make dua like subhannallah 33, alhamdulillah 33 and allahu akbar 33 together with the imam ? Because it became lime a routine in my house every time we pray we make that together and then check hand after prayer? Please tell me is that haram, bid’a or is okay for us to do it?
4.    Can I pray zuhr and asr at the same time or before time? Because sometime am in the school or going to a place in which I can’t get to pray since 12 till the time of the zuhr and asr pass? I hate being in such situation but it always happen to me?
5.    If I start the fast of Monday and Thursday and I stop or I want to start and stop when I feel like I can’t handled or this is makruh or haram?
6.    Can I fast on every Saturday and Sunday because these day I have no school? Please advise me quickly. Jazakallahu khair brother

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

 

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

1.      Iqāmah is only given for obligatory prayers (fardh Salah). Since Duhh prayer is a nafl prayer which is prayed individually it does not require an Iqāmah to be called out.[1] [2]

2.      If the league setup is such that there is no gambling involved nor is there anything contrary to sharīah (e.g. intermingling of genders, exposing of awrah etc) then it will be permissible for you to play in this tournament.

3.      After the obligatory prayers there are many masnūn adhkār, including Tasbīh Fātimi(reciting 33 times Subhān Allāh, 33 times Alhamdulillah and 34 times Allahu Akbar). These are individual acts and not congregational. One should recite their tasbīhāt individually and make their du‘ā’.[3] As long as these acts are not considered to be sunnah, wājib or requirement in dīn they will be permissible even while the Imām makes his Tasbīhāt. We do not understand what you mean by “check our hands”.

4.      It is not permissible to combine Dhuhur Salāh and ‘Asr in one time except in the times of Hajj.[4] However due to necessity, you may delay your Dhuhur Salāh to its last time and perform it before its time expires. Thereafter wait a few minutes for ‘Asr time to enter and pray ‘Asr in its time.[5]

5.      There is ambiguity in your question. What do you mean by “I stop or I want to start and stop when I feel like”? Please clarify.

6.      Yes you may fast on Saturdays and Sundays

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mawlana Faisal bin Abdul Hameed
Student, Darul Iftaa
Canada

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[1] اعلم أن الأذان والإقامة من سنن الجماعة المستحبة فلا يندبان لجماعة النساء والعبيد والعراة لأن جماعتهم غير مشروعة كما في البحر وكذا جماعة المعذورين يوم الجمعة للظهر في المصر فإن أداءه بهما مكروه كما في الحلبي (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 195))

[2] (وَ) يُسَنُّ أَنْ (يُؤَذِّنَ وَيُقِيمَ لِفَائِتَةٍ) رَافِعًا صَوْتَهُ لَوْ بِجَمَاعَةٍ أَوْ صَحْرَاءَ لَا بِبَيْتِهِ مُنْفَرِدًا(الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 390))

[3] فالأولى تأخير الأوراد عن السنة فهذا ينفي الكراهة ويخالفه ما قاله في الاختيار كل صلاة بعدها سنة يكره القعود بعدها والدعاء(حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 312))

[4] ولا يجمع بين فرضين في وقت بعذر إلا:1 – في عرفة للحاج. 2 – بشرط الإمام الأعظم. 3 – والإحرام.

فيجمع بين الظهر والعصر جمع تقديم ويجمع بين المغرب والعشاء بمزدلفة. ولم تجز المغرب في طريق مزدلفة. (نور الإيضاح ونجاة الأرواح في الفقه الحنفي (ص: 45))

[5] (قَوْلُهُ: مَحْمُولٌ إلَخْ) أَيْ مَا رَوَاهُ مِمَّا يَدُلُّ عَلَى التَّأْخِيرِ مَحْمُولٌ عَلَى الْجَمْعِ فِعْلًا لَا وَقْتًا: أَيْ فِعْلُ الْأُولَى فِي آخِرِ وَقْتِهَا وَالثَّانِيَةِ فِي أَوَّلِ وَقْتِهَا (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 382))

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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