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What is your definition of a qualified scholar and its justification?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Allah Ta’ala says in the Noble Qur’aan, ‘Verily those that fear Allah from
among his slaves are the Ulama.’

True Ulama are those who have true knowledge of the Shari’ah and by virtue
of their knowledge attain a colour of the fear of Allah in them. They
endervour to accomplish the orders of Allah in every walk of their life,
domestic, social and political. In order to achieve the ultimate spirit of
knowledge, the obedience to Allah and His Rasul (Sallallaahu Alayhi
Wasallam), one need to examine the lives of the preceding Allah-fearing
Ulama and the knowledge they acquired in order to imbibe in them such
outstanding qualities.

Among the torch bearers of true knowledge and guidance after the illustrious
Sahaaba (Radhiallahu Anhum) were the four famous Imaams of Fiqh who
possessed deep understanding of the Shari’ah. They extracted the fundamental
rules and principles of Shari’ah in the light of the Qur’aan and Hadith and
thereby extracted many Shar’ee rulings. The fundamental rules and principles
are known as Usool-al-Fiqh and the laws extracted therefrom are known as

In brief, an Aalim should be well acquainted with the Qur’aan and its
sciences of commentary as well as its commentary (Usool-al-Tafseer and
Tafseer), he should be well acquainted with the sciences of commentary of
Hadith and Ahaadith (Usool-al-Hadith and Ahaadith). Obviously, since the Qur
‘aan and Ahaadith are in Arabic, one has to study Arabic and have profound
knowledge of Arabic language as well.

In traditional Islamic institutions of Academic Islamic studies, the above
subjects are offered over a period of approximately eight years. Thereafter,
one may spend another two years to study a specialist course in Qur’aan,
Hadith or Fiqh. Furthermore, in traditional institutes much emphasis on good
character, conduct and fear of Allah.

And Allah Taãla Knows Best.

Was salaam

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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