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1) can we chew the bone of chicken and consume its bone marrow as we do in case of mutton or beef… 2) 2) In middle east the poultry is supplied is frozen on even if fresh (as claimed) , there is skin left over which is between the feathers and the flesh.I heard from one of our

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

1) can we chew the vone of chicken and consume its bone marrow as we do in case of mutton or beef.

2) In middle east the poultry is supplied is frozen on even if fresh (as claimed) , there is skin left over which is between the feathers and the flesh.I heard from one of our

brother who follow Shafi Fiqh, that it is not permissible according to Imam Shafi. What is the ruling of Ahnaf is this regard.Later he told that how this skin is left over, is that after slaughtering the chicken is immersed in boiling water which make its feather shred and the flesh with the skin remains entact.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

1. It is permissible to lick on or chew the bone of any Halaal animal. Similary, it is permissible to consume the marrow of any Halaal animal.

(Jaami’ Al-Fatawaa, vol 1, pg 366/594, Rabbani Book Depot)

2. There are two angles to your second question:

 

– Eating the skin of chicken

– Immersing chicken in boiling water

In principle, it is permissible to consume the skin of those animals whose meat is Halaal. Therefore, if the chickens are slaughted according to Shari’ah method, it will be permissible to consume their skins.

(Al-Bahr al-Raiq, vol 8, pg 178, Rasheediyya / Kifayah Al-Mufti, vol 9, pg 129, Maktaba Haqqaniyya / Fatawa Mahmudiyya, vol 17, pg 291, Faruqiyya)

The great demand of poultry has made it necessary for slaughter houses to adopt the automated system of slaughter. This system comprises of a few phases. Amonst the phases, is a phase whereby the feathers of the chickens are removed by immersing them in hot water. Some people object to this method, claiming that the chickens are immersed in hot water before all the impurities are removed from their stomachs. As a result, the water becomes impure and penetrates the meat due to the boiling temperatures of the water.

The Fuqahaa have ruled:

If meat is kept in boiling water for a long period of time that impurities penetrate the meat, the meat will be unlawful.

The Fuqahaa have also ruled: 

Penetration will occur only when chickens are placed in water that reaches boiling point and are kept in such water for a long period of time.

Thus, in principle, impurities should not penetrate the meat. If impurites penetrate the meat, it will be unlawful. Generally, the chickens in slaughter houses are kept in hot water (not boiling water) long enough for the heat to reach the outer skin in order to dilate the pores, remove the feathers and are thereafter removed from the water. This method does not lead to impurities penetrating the meat.

 (Radd Al-Muhtar, vol 1, pg 334, HM Saeed)

 

واللحم بمنزلة الجلد في الصحيح  (البحر 8/178)

( كره تحريما ) وقيل تنزيها والأول أوجه ( من الشاة سبع الحياء والخصية والغدة والمثانة والمرارة والدم المسفوح والذكر ) للأثر الوارد في كراهة ذلك وجمعها بعضهم في بيت واحد فقال فقل ذكر والأثنيان مثانة كذاك دم ثم المرارة والغدد (در المختار 749/6)

قوله ( وكذا دجاجة الخ ) قال في الفتح إنها لا تطهر أبدا لكن على قول أبي يوسف تطهر والعلة والله أعلم تشربها النجاسة بواسطة الغليان وعليه اشتهر أن اللحم السميط بمصر نجس لكن العلة المذكورة لا تثبت ما لم يمكث اللحم بعد الغليان زمانا يقع في مثله التشرب والدخول في باطن اللحم وكل منهما غير متحقق في السميط حيث لا يصل إلى حد الغليان ولا يترك فيه إلا مقدار ما تصل الحرارة إلى ظاهر الجلد لتنحل مسام الصوف بل لو ترك يمنع انقلاع الشعر فالأولى في السميط أن يطهر بالغسل ثلاثا فإنهم لا يتحرسون فيه عن المنجس وقد قال شرف الأئمة بهذا في الدجاجة والكرش والسميط ا هـ وأقره في البحر  (رد المحتار 1/334)

قال في المغرب : النخاع خيط أبيض في جوف عظم الرقبة يمتد إلى الصلب (فتح القدير 8/415)

(قوله كُرِهَ تَحْرِيمًا ) قال أبو حنيفة رضي الله تعالى عنهأما الدم فحرام بالنص، وأكره الباقية لأنها مما تستخبثه الأنفس، قال الله تعالى  وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمْ الْخَبَائِثَ 

وفي المنح والظاهر كراهة التحريم فإطلاق المصنف والمؤلف مما لا ينبغي

(قوله مِنْ الشَّاةِذكر الشاة اتفاقي لأن الحكم لا يختلف في غيرها من المأكولات

(قوله الْحَيَابالقصر الفرج وفي النهاية الحياء ممدود الفرج من ذوات الخف والظلف زاد في القاموس وإنه تقصر أيضا حموي

(قوله وَالْمَثَانَةُ)هي كما في المصباح مستقر البول من الإنسان و الحيوان وموضعها من الرجل فوق المعا المستقيم ومن المرأة فوق الرحم والرحم فوق المعا المستقيم

(قوله وَالْمَرَارَةُبفتح الميم وهي التي فيها المرة

 (قوله وَالدَّمُ الْمَسْفُوحُأي السائل من العروق أما الدم الباقي قي العروق بعد الذبح لا يكره كما في المفتاح وزيد نخاع الصلب (حاشية الطحطاوي علي الدر 4/360)

 

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Talha Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah

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