Is a just non-Muslim ruler, better than an unjust Muslim ruler

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by

There are two aspects to this query: a) A ruler being just and unjust, b) A ruler being Muslim and non-Muslim.

A ruler who is upright and just is more superior than a Muslim ruler who is unjust. The incident of Najashi in the initial days of Islam when the Muslims migrated to Abyssinia is a clear example. A Muslim ruler who is unjust is only superior to a non-Muslim just ruler with regard to his beliefs and not his service to his subjects.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

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