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Including many people in the reward

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Thanks for your answer in “Fatwa#: 39010“. 

Could you please clarify last part of this question: If muslim “may include himself and as many people as possible in his reward of the virtues act without his reward been decreased. Each person will get the complete reward of the virtuous act” will it be the best and more islamic way to always include more people in the sharing of reward for the nafl virtuous act (because you will get your reward and also help to another muslims)? Or sometimes i should give sadaka only from my own name?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

One may do a virtuous act and make intention to give the reward to many people (1). Consider the following Hadith.

عن عائشة، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أمر بكبش أقرن يطأ في سواد، ويبرك في سواد، وينظر في سواد، فأتي به ليضحي به، فقال لها: “يا عائشة، هلمي المدية”، ثم قال: “اشحذيها بحجر”، ففعلت: ثم أخذها، وأخذ الكبش فأضجعه، ثم ذبحه، ثم قال: “باسم الله، اللهم تقبل من محمد، وآل محمد، ومن أمة محمد، ثم ضحى به”.

صحيح مسلم (3/ 1557)

Translation: Hadhrat A’isha (Radiallahu Anha) reported that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alihi Wasallam) commanded that a ram with black legs, black belly and black (circles) round the eyes should be brought to him, so that he should sacrifice it. He said to ‘A’isha: Give me the large knife, and then said: Sharpen it on a stone. She did that. He then took it (the knife) and then the ram; he placed it on the ground and then sacrificed it, saying: “In the name of Allah, O Allah, accept (this sacrifice) on behalf of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and the Ummah of Muhammad”. (Sahih Muslim 3/1557) 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tareque Ahmed

Student Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

__________________________

(1) فيض الباري على صحيح البخاري (3/ 355)

وفي «البحر» من باب الحجِّ عن الغير: أن كلَّ عبادةٍ بدنيةٍ تجري فيها الإِثابة، أي إيصال الثواب إلى الغير. ثم قِيلَ: إنها تَجُوزُ في الفرائض والنوافل مطلقًا. أمَّا في الفرائض، فيكون الثوابُ لغيره، وإن لم يَسْقُطْ عنه الفرض. وقيل: إنها في النفل فقط. ثم قيل: إن الإِثابة إنما تكون للميت فقط. وقيل: للميت والحيِّ كليهما.

العرف الشذي شرح سنن الترمذي (2/ 132)

 وأما عندنا فيجوز إيصال ثواب كل شيء من العبادة

تحفة الالمعي 2/595

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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