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When one or two Rakaats are missed of a four Rakaat Fard Salaat (behind an Imaam), how does one complete the missed Rakat(s) – after Salaam?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Do I have to read Surah Fatiha and another Surah or only Surah Fatiha?

Answer

1 RAKAAT MISSED; The Muqtadi must recite Surah Faatiha and a Surah.
2 RAKAATS MISSED; The Muqtadi must recite in both Rakaats Surah Faatiha and
a Surah.
3 RAKAATS MISSED; In the first Rakaat, the Muqtadi must recite Surah Faatiha
and a Surah and then sit for Tashahhud. After Tashahhud, he must stand up
for the second missed Rakaat and recite Surah Faatiha and a Surah. In the
third missed Rakaat, he must recite Surah Faatiha only.
4 RAKAATS MISSED; In the first two Rakaats recite Surah Faatiha and a Surah.
In the second two Rakaats recite only Surah Faatiha. (Shaami vol 2 pg. 346;
Lebonon)

In the case of missing two Rakaats of the Maghrib Salaat, then after the
Imaam has made Salaam, perform one Rakaat, sit for Tashahhud, then perform
another and sit for the final Tashahhud. Recite Surah Faatiha and a Surah in
both these Rakaats.

and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
FATWA DEPT.

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