Loud Zikr after Fadh prayer with the intention of educating the people
Could you please clarify whether this is valid in Shari’ah.
Loud congregational Zikr reciting with the Imam immediately after the Fardh Salah of Asr and the Fardh Salah of Fajr and then the Du’a in congregation. The Zikr involves reciting Ayatul Kursi, durud sharif etc.
What about if it is for educational purposes? For instance the Imam recites Ayatul Kursi and the congregation repeat after him. If this is done immediately after the Fardh prayer will it be allowed?
In the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.
Saaiduna Abdullah Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu narrates that the raising of the voice of the zikr was practiced in the time of the Prophet of Allah Sallallahu Alahi Wasalam when they left the obligatory prayer. And Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu said “I would know of when people left the obligatory prayer by the (loud) zikr and I used to hear it.” (Sunan Abi Dawud p.150 v.1)
From the above narration we can establish that it is permissible to recite the various forms of zikr, tasbih and dua after the fardh prayers.
Allahmah Ibn Abideen Shami (RA) states in his Raddul Muhtar that raising ones voice whilst doing zikr is permissible except when one disturbs a sleeping person, the one engaged in prayer and the one reciting Quran. (Raddul Muhtar p.434 v.2)
Therefore, with regards to your question, if the Imam reminds people by reading the various Tasbeeh and Durud Shareef loudly then there is nothing wrong as long as it is not considered a sunnah and that those who do not wish to join are not condemned. Similarly, if it is done with the intention of teaching, it will be permissible as long as it is not considered a sunnah and something necessary. (Fatawa Mahmoodiyah p.238 v.10)
Only Allah Knows Best
Mohammed Tosir Miah
Darul Ifta Birmingham.