Giving Zakat to a Jobless Person

Answered according to Shafi'i Fiqh by Darul Iftaa Jordan
What is the ruling on giving Zakat or charity in general to Amman Municipality`s workers and jobless people who have social security number?


All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds, and may His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all of his family and companions.


Allah, The Almighty hasdetermined eight categories entitled to receive Zakat where He said, (What means):( Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of God; and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by God, and God is full of knowledge and wisdom.) [At-Tawbah/60].


Moreover, Islam confirms that Zakat is an established right of theseeight categories and none, other than them, is entitled to receive it.


In addition, amongst the people eligible for receiving Zakatare the poor and needy, yet the poor is in more need for it than the needy, because the latter is in short of money for buying something while the former doesn’t have money at all.


Further, although jobless people have social security number, they are eligible for receiving Zakatif they are literally poor. Besides, ifAmman Municipality`s workers` income was insufficient for basic living costs, then they are considered needy and eligible for receiving Zakat. As for voluntary charities, it is permissible to give them to the poor, needy and to anyone else,even if he/sheisn`t one of the eight categories mentioned above. And Allah the Almighty knows best.

This answer was collected from the official government Iftaa Department of Jordan.

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