Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch
What supplications (dua) and suras are ideal for learning as a new Muslim?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate
Basic Amount of Quran
A new Muslim should work their way up to learning sura al-Fatiha and at least the last ten suras. It is a general practice in many places.
The last ten suras are complete with significant meaning; they are short and can be an excellent source to recite in the prayer, and after that, one can slowly add more suras.
Some very effective ways to do this are:
Listening along with a reciter. For example, al-Hussary. (Quran)
Finding a Teacher
Reading along in a reliable translation. Consider the translation of Abdel-Haleem, Khattab)
As for (invocations) duas, I recommend getting a simple book of the Prophetic prayers that relate to different times and actions. You can also start memorizing du’a for entering and exiting the home; entering the mosque and departing from the mosque; the du’a for eating and drinking; and so forth.
These supplications are blessed and keep the heart in a state of remembrance.
After that, one should strive to learn the morning and evening supplications. These have many benefits, such as protection from harm and others.
Even if one hasn’t learned many, these Prophetic invocations are greatly beneficial when done consistently and with the presence of heart.
After consistently doing the invocations, one can add more, little by little.
The Wird Latif of Imam al-Haddad
Consider this compilation of Prophetic invocations gathered by Imam ‘Abdullah bin ‘Alawi al-Haddad. It contains the morning and evening invocations collected from the Prophetic narrations.
Check it here:
The Complete Wird Latif of imam al-Haddad
Hope this helps
Allah knows best
[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani