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Can my younger brother lead my sisters in prayer?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

I used to lead my sisters in prayer at home but since I have started working my younger brother leads the jama`ah. He knows his recitation and the general mode of prayer. He is only 8 years old, is it permissible for him to lead the salah?

Answer:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Walaikum assalam wa rahmatullah,

A condition for the validity of leading prayer is that the imam have reached puberty. As such, it is invalid for your non-baligh brother to lead your sisters in prayer.

Your sisters would have to repeat such prayers.

It is stated in al-Durr al-Mukhtar Sharh Tanwir al-Absar:

“(It is not valid for a man to pray behind a woman… or child in all cases) even in funeral and voluntary prayers according to the sounder opinion.”

Ibn Abidin confirmed this in his Radd al-Muhtar, quoting Shaykh al-Islam al-Marghinani’s Hidaya. [Ibn Abidin/Haskafi/Tumurtashi, Radd al-Muhtar `ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar Sharh Tanwir al-Absar, 1.576-577, Ilmiyya ed]

Wassalam,
Faraz Rabbani

 

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد و على آله و صحبه أجمعين

لا يصح للصبي أن يؤمّ البالغين مطلقا ، ويلزم إعادة الصلاة على من صلّى خلفه.في الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار:( وَلَا يَصِحُّ اقْتِدَاءُ رَجُلٍ بِامْرَأَةٍ )  وَخُنْثَى ( وَصَبِيٍّ مُطْلَقًا ) وَلَوْ فِي جِنَازَةٍ  وَنَفْلٍ عَلَى الْأَصَحِّفي حاشية ابن عابدين: ( قَوْلُهُ وَنَفْلٍ عَلَى الْأَصَحِّ ) قَالَ فِي الْهِدَايَةِ : …َالْمُخْتَارُ أَنَّهُ لَا يَجُوزُ فِي الصَّلَوَاتِ كُلِّهَا . ا هـ . وَالْمُرَادُ بِالسُّنَنِ الْمُطْلَقَةِ السُّنَنُ الرَّوَاتِبُ وَالْعِيدُ فِي إحْدَى الرِّوَايَتَيْنِ , وَكَذَا الْوِتْرُ وَالْكُسُوفَانِ وَالِاسْتِسْقَاءُ عِنْدَهُمَا فَتْحٌ .والحمد لله.– فراز الرباني.

 

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