How many people should be present for a nikaah to be valid?

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za
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Q: In a nikah ceremony for a new Muslim couple, one male adult wakeel on behalf of bride and another male adult witness were present. Is the nikah for both valid. Later this nikah was register in a madressa with a mufti.


A: If there were only three people present for the nikaah (the bride groom, the representative of the bride and one witness), the nikaah is not valid. Besides the bride groom and the representative of the bride, there should be at least two male baaligh muslim witnesses.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.


Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.