As Salaamu Alaikum,
Can zakaat be given to person who does not have the nisaab, but receives and lives on a monthly pension. Jazak Allah
Wa Alaikum As Salaam,
Yes, Zakat can be given to a person who does not have the nisaab but lives on a monthly pension which he/she receives. The fact that the person does not have a nisaab qualifies him/her to receive Zakat. The monthly pension from the government or private company is an assistance which may help the person fulfil basic needs, but the main cause/reason for one to accept zakat is when one does not possess the nisaab.
Regarding this, the Fuqaha (expert Jurists) have stated:-
و تجوز دفعها إلى من يملك أقل من النصاب، و ان كان صحيحا مكتسبا.
‘It is permissible to give zakat to one who possesses less than the nisaab even though he is sound/healthy and earns’ (an income). (Fatawa Al Hindiya Vol. 1 Page. 189 Chapter on Al Masarif).
باب المصرف اى مصرف الزكات و العشر….( هوفقير، و هو من له أدنى شئ اى دون نصاب او قدر نصاب غيرنام مستغرق فى الحاجة.
(Ad Durr Al Mukhtar Ma Ash Shami Vol. 2 Page. 339 H.M Saeed Karachi 1406 A.H)
(Kitab An Nawazil Vol. 7 pages 82, 83 Darul Ishaat Karachi 2016; Fatawa Darul Uloom Zakariya Vol. 3 Pages 198 Zam Zam Karachi 2009; Fatawa Deeniya Vol. 2 pages 598, 599 Jamia Husainiya Surat, Gujrat 2013).
And Allah Knows best
Mufti Waseem Khan
This answer was collected from DarulUloomTT.net, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Waseem Khan from Darul Uloom Trinidad and Tobago.