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Can One Sue Their Doctor?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain


The patient had abnormal pain during pregnancy and continuously complained to the doctor, doctor thought that it was related to pregnancy so didnโ€™t give it much thought.

Now they find out itโ€™s stage 4 cancer.

Can they sue the doctor?

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful


If you feel that irresolvable damages have occurred due to the negligence on the part of the doctors, then Islam acknowledges the need for remuneration and compensation for the damages incurred. Thus, after seeking legal counsel, if you feel that this is an avenue which you wish to pursue, then Shariah has no objections. [Al-Hidฤyah; volume 3 page 191] [1]

I would also like to take this opportunity to remind myself and yourself of the following Hadith of our Beloved ๏ทบ, โ€œNever a believer is stricken with a discomfort, hardship or illness, grief or even with mental worry that his sins are not expiated for him.โ€ [Sahih Al-Muslim; Hadith 2573] [2]

Only Allah knows best.

Written by Maulana Mohammed Dilwar Hussain

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

[1]ูุตู„: โ€œูˆุงู„ุตู„ุญ ุฌุงุฆุฒ ุนู† ุฏุนูˆู‰ ุงู„ุฃู…ูˆุงู„โ€ โ€ฆู‚ุงู„: โ€œูˆูŠุตุญ ุนู† ุฌู†ุงูŠุฉ ุงู„ุนู…ุฏ ูˆุงู„ุฎุทุฃโ€

[2]ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุจูŽูƒู’ุฑู ุจู’ู†ู ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุดูŽูŠู’ุจูŽุฉูŽุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจููˆ ูƒูุฑูŽูŠู’ุจู ู‚ูŽุงู„ุงูŽ ุญูŽุฏู‘ูŽุซูŽู†ูŽุง ุฃูŽุจููˆ ุฃูุณูŽุงู…ูŽุฉูŽุŒ ุนูŽู†ู ุงู„ู’ูˆูŽู„ููŠุฏู ุจู’ู†ูุŒ ูƒูŽุซููŠุฑู ุนูŽู†ู’ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽู…ู’ุฑููˆ ุจู’ู†ู ุนูŽุทูŽุงุกูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุนูŽุทูŽุงุกู ุจู’ู†ู ูŠูŽุณูŽุงุฑูุŒ ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุจููŠ ุณูŽุนููŠุฏูุŒ ูˆูŽุฃูŽุจููŠุŒ ู‡ูุฑูŽูŠู’ุฑูŽุฉูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ูŽุง ุณูŽู…ูุนูŽุง ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ูŽ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู… ูŠูŽู‚ููˆู„ู โ€ย โ€œโ€ ู…ูŽุง ูŠูุตููŠุจู ุงู„ู’ู…ูุคู’ู…ูู†ูŽ ู…ูู†ู’ ูˆูŽุตูŽุจู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ู†ูŽุตูŽุจู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุณูŽู‚ูŽู…ู ูˆูŽู„ุงูŽ ุญูŽุฒูŽู†ู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู’ู‡ูŽู…ู‘ู ูŠูู‡ูŽู…ู‘ูู‡ู ุฅูู„ุงู‘ูŽ ูƒููู‘ูุฑูŽ ุจูู‡ู ู…ูู†ู’ ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฆูŽุงุชูู‡ู โ€โ€โ€ โ€.โ€

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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