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Can online nikah be done if groom can’t travel & relatives be ‘Wakeel’?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta-Deoband.com
Is online nikah possible and will it be allowed in case the groom cannot go to the country of the bride? The groom cannot travel to the neighbouring country for the nikah and there are a few problems. Under these circumstances can the nikah be performed via;
(1) Telephone
(2) Video online calling
(3) Online voice calling
Also I would like to ask how can the nikah be performed when via the methods of ‘Wakeel’?
Since the bride and the groom are related can common relatives be the ‘Wakeel’?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 1131/877/B=1434)

The nikah is not valid by telephone or video calling or online voice calling when the boy and girl are in two different places, as they are not present in a single meeting in all the three cases. However, nikah may be done through any wakil. i.e. the girl appoints someone as wakil for her nikah and wakil may be a relative as well and then that wakil may solemnize the nikah of the girl in the presence of two witnesses as per the Shariah ijab-o-qubul (i.e. proper exchange of nikah words) then nikah shall be valid.

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

This answer was collected from the official ifta website of Darul Uloom Deoband in India.

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