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Fulfilling A Promise After Divorce

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Darulifta Azaadville

Question:

A husband intent on issuing a divorce to his wife amicably, in a meeting prior to the divorce, agrees to and commits to providing a house for his ex-wife even after her iddat is over, as a moral obligation for the years they were together. 

1.Is this type of promise/agreement binding on him?

2. Are promises before divorce or during her iddat binding on him as a moral obligation?

Answer:

If the husband did make a promise that he will provide a house for his wife even after the Iddat of divorce is over, then yes, in this case it will be morally binding on him to fulfil his promise.  

Checked and Approved By:

Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَوْفُوابِالْعُقُودِ (سورة المائدة)

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عِيسَى الْحِيرِيُّ،ثَنَا الْمُسَيَّبُ بْنُ زُهَيْرٍ الْبَغْدَادِيُّ، ثَنَا عَاصِمُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ،ثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، ثَنَا عَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي عَمْرٍو، عَنِالْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُعَنْهُ، أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: ”اضْمَنُوا لِي سِتًّا مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَضْمَنُ لَكُمُ الْجَنَّةَ: اصْدُقُواإِذَا حَدَّثْتُمْ، وَأَوْفُوا إِذَا وَعَدْتُمْ، وَأَدُّوا إِذَا اؤْتُمِنْتُمْ،وَاحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَكُمْ، وَغُضُّوا أَبْصَارَكُمْ، وَكُفُّوا أَيْدِيَكُمْالمستدرك على الصحيحين ج 4 ص 399دار الكتب العلمية

أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِالْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الرَّبِيعِ الزَّهْرَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَاإِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ أَبِي عَمْرٍو، عَنِالْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ حَنْطَبٍ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَاللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ:  «اضْمَنُوا لِي سِتًّا أَضْمَنْ لَكُمُالْجَنَّةَ: اصْدُقُوا إِذَا حَدَّثْتُمْ، وَأَوْفُوا إِذَا وَعَدْتُمْ، وَأَدُّواإِذَا ائْتُمِنْتُمْ، وَاحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَكُمْ، وَغُضُّوا أَبْصَارَكُمْ،وَكُفُّوا أَيْدِيَكُمْ».صحيح ابن حبان ج 1 ص 506 مؤسسة الرسالة – بيروت

This answer was collected from the official Ifta website of Darul Uloom Azaadville, South Africa. Most of the answers are checked and approved by Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.

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