Asalamolakum, I am curious about the difference of dowry, mu’ajjal, and mu’wajjal as it is stated on my nikkah certificate. mu’ajjal is translated to prompt, and mu’wajjal deferred. I am assuming that mu’ajjal must be paid at the time of commencing the relationship, and mu’wajjal, upon seperation? what are the concequences and restrictions of not being able to pay either of these amounts? Can they be forgiven by the bride? Thank you mufti sahib.
Prompt dowry is referred to as the Mahr agreed upon by both parties to be
paid up front before the Nikah, at the time of the Nikah or before the
consummation of the marriage at the latest.
Mahr Mu’ajjal (deferred) is referred to as Mahr agreed upon by both parties
to be paid after the consummation at some later date. This becomes payable
immediately upon separation or death. The wife may forgive her husband
wholly or partially as far as the payment of the Mahr is concerned whether
it is prompt or deferred.
and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Muhammad Kadwa
for: FATWA DEPT.