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Do I Need to Perform Expiation for My Broken Fast?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org

Answered by Shaykh Yusuf Weltch


Years ago, while fasting in Ramadan, I fainted in the middle of my classroom. Upon waking, someone gave me something to eat, and I just ate it. Do I need to fast 60 days consecutively as a kaffara (expiation)?


In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful and Compassionate.

No. You are not required to perform the 60-day expiatory fast for eating in this situation.

Scenarios That Do Not Require Expiation

The fact that you had just come to from having fainted indicates one of three scenarios. In each scenario the expiatory fast is not required:

  1. If at the moment of eating you forgot that you were fasting, the fast of that day is valid assuming you did not eat again after that before sunset. [Maydani, al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab]
  2. If you were aware of your fast and were in a semi-conscious state, the fast is broken but no expiatory fast is due. [Ibid.]
  3. If you were aware of your fast and were completely conscious, one could determine from the situation that you were in such difficulty regarding your health that would permit the breaking of the fast anyway, in which case, only a make-up is due. [Ibid.]

Allah knows best.

[Shaykh] Yusuf Weltch
Checked and Approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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