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Can I Prostrate to Someone out of Respect?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Seekersguidance.org

Answered by Ustadh Salman Younas

Question: At the beginning of my Iaido class there is a series of prostrations: students line up behind the teacher and they all prostrate in the same direction; the teacher turns around and again, everyone prostrates; then each person puts the sword in front of them and another prostration is done. The prostration is nearly identical to how Muslims prostrate.

Are prostrations of respect such as these allowed?

Answer: assalamu alaykum

Prostrating to other than God โ€“ even if merely out of respect โ€“ is prohibited based on a number of prophetic traditions. Thus, when Muโ€™adh prostrated to the Prophet (God bless him) as a mark of respect, the Prophet (God bless him) forbade him stating, โ€œDo not do so.โ€ [Ibn Majah, Sunan; Ahmad, Musnad]

As for the prostration towards Yusuf (God bless him), this was either (a) permitted for his community and subsequently prohibited for ours or (b) it was not the conventional prostration that we are accustomed to, namely placing the forehead on the ground, but a slight nodding of the head or bowing.

It should be noted here that bowing as done in the ritual prayer would also be prohibited towards others. However, if it is a slight bowing that does not resemble the bowing of prayer, it would not be prohibited according to some scholars although it may be disliked. [al-Saffarini, Sharh Manzuma al-Adab (1:332); Fatawa Azhar (10:168); Mawsuโ€™a al-Fiqhiya (23:125)]
Wassalam,
[Ustadh] Salman Younas

Checked and approved by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุณูุงุฑูŠู†ูŠ ููŠ ุบุฐุงุก ุงู„ุฃู„ุจุงุจ ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ู…ู†ุธูˆู…ุฉ ุงู„ุขุฏุงุจ: ูˆู‚ุฏู… ููŠ ุงู„ุขุฏุงุจ ุงู„ูƒุจุฑู‰ ุนู† ุฃุจูŠ ุงู„ู…ุนุงู„ูŠ ุฃู† ุงู„ุชุญูŠุฉ ุจุงู†ุญู†ุงุก ุงู„ุธู‡ุฑ ุฌุงุฆุฒ ุŒ ูˆู‚ูŠู„ ู‡ูˆ ุณุฌูˆุฏ ุงู„ู…ู„ุงุฆูƒุฉ ู„ุขุฏู… ู‚ุงู„ ูˆู„ู…ุง ู‚ุฏู… ุงุจู† ุนู…ุฑ ุงู„ุดุงู… ุญูŠุงู‡ ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ุฐู…ุฉ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ู… ูŠู†ู‡ู‡ู… ูˆู‚ุงู„ ู‡ุฐุง ุชุนุธูŠู… ู„ู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† ุŒ ูˆู„ุนู„ ู…ุฑุงุฏู‡ ุจุงู„ุฌูˆุงุฒ ุนุฏู… ุงู„ุญุฑู…ุฉ ูู„ุง ูŠู†ุงููŠ ุงู„ูƒุฑุงู‡ูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃุนู„ู…

:ูˆููŠ ุงู„ู…ูˆุณูˆุนุฉ ุงู„ูู‚ู‡ูŠุฉ

ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ู…ุง ุฌุฑุช ุจู‡ ุงู„ุนุงุฏุฉ ู…ู† ุฎูุถ ุงู„ุฑุฃุณ ูˆุงู„ุงู†ุญู†ุงุก ุฅู„ู‰ ุญุฏ ู„ุง ูŠุตู„ ุจู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู‚ู„ ุงู„ุฑูƒูˆุน โ€“ ุนู†ุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‚ุงุก โ€“ ู„ุง ูƒูุฑ ุจู‡ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ุญุฑู…ุฉ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ, ู„ูƒู† ูŠู†ุจุบูŠ ูƒุฑุงู‡ุชู‡ุ› ู„ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุตู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ูˆุณู„ู…: ู„ู…ู† ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู‡: { ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡, ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ู…ู†ุง ูŠู„ู‚ู‰ ุฃุฎุงู‡ ุฃูˆ ุตุฏูŠู‚ู‡ ุฃูŠู†ุญู†ูŠ ู„ู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุง, ู‚ุงู„: ุฃููŠู„ุชุฒู…ู‡ ูˆูŠู‚ุจู„ู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„: ู„ุง , ู‚ุงู„: ุฃููŠุฃุฎุฐ ุจูŠุฏู‡ ูˆูŠุตุงูุญู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„ : ู†ุนู… } ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ

ุฃู…ุง ุฅุฐุง ุงู†ุญู†ู‰ ูˆูˆุตู„ ุงู†ุญู†ุงุคู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุญุฏ ุงู„ุฑูƒูˆุนุŒ ูู‚ุฏ ุฐู‡ุจ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฅู† ู„ู… ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุชุนุธูŠู… ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุบูŠุฑ ูƒุชุนุธูŠู… ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ูƒูุฑุง ูˆู„ุง ุญุฑุงู…ุง, ูˆู„ูƒู† ูŠูƒุฑู‡ ุฃุดุฏ ุงู„ูƒุฑุงู‡ุฉุ› ู„ุฃู† ุตูˆุฑุชู‡ ุชู‚ุน ููŠ ุงู„ุนุงุฏุฉ ู„ู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ูƒุซูŠุฑุง . ูˆุฐู‡ุจ ุจุนุถู‡ู… ุฅู„ู‰ ุญุฑู…ุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ูˆู„ูˆ ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ู„ุชุนุธูŠู… ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ุ› ู„ุฃู† ุตูˆุฑุฉ ู‡ูŠุฆุฉ ุงู„ุฑูƒูˆุน ู„ู… ุชุนู‡ุฏ ุฅู„ุง ู„ุนุจุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุณุจุญุงู†ู‡

:ูˆ ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุดูŠุฎ ุนุทูŠุฉ ุตู‚ุฑ ูƒู…ุง ููŠ ูุชุงูˆู‰ ุงู„ุฃุฒู‡ุฑ

ุงู„ุณุคุงู„: ู‡ู„ ูŠุฌูˆุฒ ุงู†ุญู†ุงุก ุงู„ู…ู…ุซู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณุฑุญ ุฃู…ุงู… ุงู„ุฌู…ู‡ูˆุฑ ุนู†ุฏู…ุง ูŠุญูŠูˆู†ู‡ ุŸ

ุงู„ุฌูˆุงุจ: ุฑูˆู‰ ุงู„ุชุฑู…ุฐู‰ ุจุฅุณู†ุงุฏ ุญุณู† ุนู† ุฃู†ุณ ุฑุถู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู‚ุงู„ : ู‚ุงู„ ุฑุฌู„ : ูŠุง ุฑุณูˆู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุŒ ุงู„ุฑุฌู„ ู…ู†ุง ูŠู„ู‚ู‰ ุฃุฎุงู‡ ูˆุตุฏูŠู‚ู‡ ุŒ ุฃูŠู†ุญู†ู‰ ู„ู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุง ู‚ุงู„ : ุฃููŠู„ุฒู…ู‡ ูˆูŠู‚ุจู„ู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„ โ€œุง ู‚ุงู„ ุฃููŠุฃุฎุฐ ุจูŠุฏู‡ ูˆูŠุตุงูุญู‡ ุŸ ู‚ุงู„ ู†ุนู…

ุฌุงุก ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุฏุงุจ ุงู„ูƒุจุฑู‰ ุนู† ุฃุจู‰ ุงู„ู…ุนุงู„ู‰ ุฃู† ุงู„ุชุญูŠุฉ ุจุงู†ุญู†ุงุก ุงู„ุธู‡ุฑ ุฌุงุฆุฒุฉุŒ ูˆู‚ูŠู„ : ู‡ูˆ ุณุฌูˆุฏ ุงู„ู…ู„ุงุฆูƒุฉ ู„ุขุฏู… ุŒ ู‚ุงู„ : ูˆู„ู…ุง ู‚ุฏู… ุงุจู† ุนู…ุฑ ุงู„ุดุงู… ุญูŠุงู‡ ุฃู‡ู„ ุงู„ุฐู…ุฉ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ู… ูŠู†ู‡ู‡ู… . ูˆู‚ุงู„ : ู‡ุฐุง ุชุนุธูŠู… ู„ู„ู…ุณู„ู…ูŠู† . ูˆู„ุนู„ ู…ุฑุงุฏู‡ ุจุงู„ุฌูˆุงุฒ ุนุฏู… ุงู„ุญุฑู…ุฉ ุŒ ูู„ุง ูŠู†ุงูู‰ ุงู„ูƒุฑุงู‡ุฉ . ู‚ุงู„ู‡ ุงู„ุณูุงุฑูŠู†ู‰ ูู‰ ูƒุชุงุจู‡ ุบุฐุงุก ุงู„ุฃู„ุจุงุจ ุฌูก ุต ูขูจูฆ

ูŠุคุฎุฐ ู…ู† ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ูˆู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ู‡ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ุฃู† ุงู„ุชุญูŠุฉ ุจุงู„ุงู†ุญู†ุงุก ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุฑุบูˆุจ ููŠู‡ุง ุŒ ูˆุฃู‚ู„ ุฏุฑุฌุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ูƒุฑุงู‡ุฉ ุŒ ู„ุนุฏู… ู„ูŠุงู‚ุชู‡ ุจุงู„ู…ุณู„ู… ุงู„ูƒุฑูŠู… ุงู„ุนุฒูŠุฒ ุจุฅูŠู…ุงู†ู‡ ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ ุชุนุงู„ู‰ . ูˆู‚ุฏ ุชุฏุฎู„ ุงู„ู†ูŠุฉ ูู‰ ุชูƒูŠูŠู ุงู„ุญูƒู… ุŒ ูุฅู† ูƒุงู† ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชูู„ ุจู‡ ุจุงู†ุญู†ุงุฆู‡ ุงู„ุดูƒุฑ ูˆุฅุธู‡ุงุฑ ุงู„ุชูˆุงุถุน ูู„ุง ุจุฃุณ ุŒ ู…ุน ุงู„ุชูˆุตูŠุฉ ุจุนุฏู… ุงู„ู…ุจุงู„ุบุฉ ููŠู‡

ูˆุงู„ุงู†ุญู†ุงุก ู„ูˆู† ู…ู† ุฃู„ูˆุงู† ุงู„ุชุญูŠุฉ ุนู†ุฏ ุงู„ู„ู‚ุงุก ูู‰ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุฌู…ุงุนุงุช ุŒ ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุจู‡ ุชุนุธูŠู… ู…ู† ู‚ุงุจู„ู‡ ูƒู…ุง ูŠูุนู„ ู„ู„ู…ู„ูˆูƒ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงุทูŠู† ุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู…ุง ูŠุฑุฏ ุจู‡ ุงู„ู…ู…ุซู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุนุฌุจูŠู† ุจู‡ ูู„ูŠุณ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ุชู…ุงู…ุง ุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูŠุฎูู ู…ู† ุงู„ุญูƒู… ุนู„ูŠู‡

Ustadh Salman Younas graduated from Stony Brook University with a degree in Political Science and Religious Studies. After studying the Islamic sciences online and with local scholars in New York, Ustadh Salman moved to Amman. There he studies Islamic law, legal methodology, belief, hadith methodology, logic, Arabic, and tafsir.

Photo:ย Olga Hermansson

This answer was collected from Seekersguidance.org. It’s an online learning platform overseen by Sheikh Faraz Rabbani. All courses are free. They also have in-person classes in Canada.

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