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The Obligatory Recitation 

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Qibla.com

Answered by Shaykh Faraz Rabbani

I thought the Qir’at (reciting the quran) was the 3rd (of 7) fardh’s of salat (namaz), or is this only for fardh (obligatory) prayers only? Something else you might be able to clarify, is it the recitation of the Fatiha or the surah (3 ayats) that is the 3rd fardh.

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Recitation in the prayer has several rulings, including:

1.      It is obligatory (fard) to recite even one verse in two rakats of the obligatory prayer.

2.      It is necessary (wajib) to recite the Fatiha and the equivalent of 3 short verses in any two rakats of the obligatory prayer, and it is a separate obligation to do so in the first two rakats.

3.      It is best to recite the Fatiha (only) in the third and fourth rakats of the obligatory prayer, though the sunna is fulfilled therein by merely saying 3 tasbihs, as is authentically established from many leading Companions, including Sayyidna Ali and Sayyidna Abdullah ibn Masud (Allah be pleased with them).

4.      It is slightly disliked (makruh tanzihan) to recite a sura or verses after the Fatiha in the third and fourth rakats. [Therefore, one should not do this, but if it happens, no forgetfulness prostration is needed.]

Of course, the follower does not recite the Qur’an at all during the prayer, for doing so is prohibitively disliked, though they still perform all the dhikrs of the prayer quietly.



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