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The story of a Sahaabi who could not recite the kalimah at the time of death

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by Muftionline.co.za

Q: I would like to ask Mufti Saheb regarding this story. How about status of this story? Can we use this for targhib and tarhib?

At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), there was a young man named Alqamah. He was very diligent in obeying Allah by engaging in prayer and fasting and spending in charity. Then he fell ill and his illness became serious. His wife went to the Prophet and said, “My husband, Alqamah, is on his deathbed. I therefore came to tell you, Messenger of Allah, about his condition.” The Prophet (then) sent for Ammar or Suhaib and Bilal, and told them to go to him (Alqamah) and have him repeat the Shahadah. Thereupon they went to him and found him in the agony of death. They asked him to say, “La illaha illa Allah,” but his tongue was unable to pronounce it. At that, they came and told the Messenger of Allah that he was unable to repeat the Shahadah. The Prophet asked, “Is either of his parents alive?” He was told, “Messenger of Allah, his mother is, but she is very old.” The Prophet sent her a message that if it was convenient for her (that is, is she was able to go out), she should come to him; otherwise she should stay in her house and the Prophet would come to her. The Prophet’s messenger came to her and informed her of the Prophet’s message. She said, “May my life be a ransom for him, it is my pleasure to go to him!” She then stood up, leaning on her walking stick, and came to the Prophet and greeted him. The Prophet returned her greeting and said to her, “Umm Alqamah, tell me the truth, for otherwise Allah Most High will reveal the truth to me! What is the situation concerning your son, Alqamah?” She replied, “Messenger of Allah, he prays much, fasts a great deal, and spends a great amount in charity.” The Prophet said, “And what about yourself?” Some portion due to limitation of words. It was reported from Ahmed and Tibrani

Bismillaah

A: This narration is not authentic.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

وعن عبد الله بن أبي أوفى قال : كنا عند النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم فأتاه آت فقال : شاب يجود بنفسه . قيل له : قل لا إله إلا الله : فلم يستطع فقال : ” كان يصلي ؟ ” . فقال : نعم : فنهض رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ونهضنا معه فدخل على الشاب فقال له : ” قل : لا إله إلا الله ” . فقال : لا أستطيع . قال : ” لم ؟ ” . قال : كان يعق والديه . فقال النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم : ” أحية والدته ؟ ” . قالوا : نعم . قال : ” ادعوها ” . فدعوها فجاءت فقال : ” هذا ابنك ؟ ” . فقالت : نعم . فقال لها : ” أرأيت لو أججت نار ضخمة فقيل لك إن شفعت له خلينا عنه وإلا حرقناه بهذه النار ألست تشفعين له ؟ ” . قالت : يا رسول الله إذا أشفع . قال : ” فأشهدي الله وأشهديني أنك قد رضيت عنه ” . فقالت : اللهم إني أشهدك وأشهد رسولك أني قد رضيت عن ابني . فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : ” يا غلام قل : لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمدا عبده ورسوله ” . فقالها فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : ” الحمد لله الذي أنقذه بي من النار. رواه الطبراني وأحمد باختصار كثير وفيه فائد أبو الورقاء وهو متروك (مجمع الزوائد رقم 13433)

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

This answer was collected from MuftiOnline.co.za, where the questions have been answered by Mufti Zakaria Makada (Hafizahullah), who is currently a senior lecturer in the science of Hadith and Fiqh at Madrasah Ta’leemuddeen, Isipingo Beach, South Africa.

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