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What 10 Nights are Referred to in Verse 89:2 of the Qurʿān?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Mathabah.org
Answered by Shaykh Yūsuf Badāt


Which ten nights are referred to in chapter 89 of the Qurʿān? Are they the last ten nights of Ramaḍān?


In the Name of Allāh, Most Merciful, Most Gracious

Jazāk Allāh Khayr/ Thank you for your question.

There are four scholarly views regarding the meaning of “layāl ʿashr (ten nights)” from verse 89:2 of the Qurʿān, as listed below:

  1. First 10 days and nights of Dhū al-Ḥijjah. This view has been reported by Ibn Abbās, Mujāhid, Qatādah, Ḍhahhāk, Suddī, Qurṭubī, Kalbī, Ṭabarī, Ibn Kathīr, Muqātil and Shawkānī.

  2. Last 10 nights of Ramaḍān. This stance reported by Abū Dhabyān.

  3. First 10 days and nights of Ramaḍān. This opinion reported by Ḍhahhāk.

  4. First 10 days of Muḥarram. This verdict reported by Yamān Ibn Riyāb.

Imam Shawkānī (may Allāh’s mercy be with him) has indicated that it is possible that all of these meanings are incorporated in the verse.

And Allāh Knows Best

This answer was collected from Mathabah.org. It’s an Islamic educational institute based in Canada. The questions are generally answered by Sheikh Yusuf Badat and Sheikh Omar Subedar.