Answered by Shaykh Omar Subedar
What does a new Muslim do in ṣalāh (ritual prayer) who does not know Sūrah Al Fātiḥa (opening Qur’ānic chapter)?
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
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He may recite the Sūrah in his own language until he learns how to recite it in Arabic.
Ibn Māza Al-Ḥanafī [d. 616 H.] has written in his book, Al Muḥīt Al Burhānī about reciting the Qur’ān in the Farsi (Persian) language during salāh, “Abū Yūsuf and Muḥammad [ibn Hasan Al Shaybānī, the two distinguished students of Imam Abū Hanīfa] have said, “If the person can recite the [Qur’ān] well in Arabic, his recital [of the divine scripture] in another language is impermissible. If he cannot recite it well in Arabic, he is permitted [to recite it in Farsi].” [p.307 vol.1, Dār Al-Kotob Al-Ilmīyah, Beirut, Lebanon, 2004]
Bear in mind that the reason why they have specifically referred to the Farsi language is because it was their mother tongue in Iraq.
And Allāh Knows Best
This answer was collected from Mathabah.org. It’s an Islamic educational institute based in Canada. The questions are generally answered by Sheikh Yusuf Badat and Sheikh Omar Subedar.