Gog and Magog and The Beast

Answered according to Hanafi Fiqh by DarulUloomTT.net

The Coming Out Of Yajooj And Majooj (Gog And Magog)
Abu Hurairah (RA) reported that the Messenger of Allah (ASA) said, “Indeed Yajooj and Majooj are everyday digging out of the barrier, and when they see the rays of the sun, the one that is over them says, ‘Return, and you shall dig tomorrow’. When they return to it, it is as solid as it ever was. This will go on until their time arrives and Allah wills to send them to the people. Then they will dig until they see the rays of the sun. The one over them will say, ‘Go, and you will dig tomorrow Insha Allah (if Allah wills)’. This time he will say ‘Insha Allah’. Then they will return to it, but this time it will be upon the same state as it was when they left it. They will dig through it, going out to the people. They will make dry, places of water. The people will fortify themselves in fortresses, and the people of Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) will shoot their arrows to the sky. Then Allah will send Naghafan (a kind of worm) at the back of their necks and will kill them with the Naghafan (i.e., with those worms). The Messenger of Allah (SAS) said, “By the One Who has the soul of Muhammad in His Hand, the beasts of the earth will go fat and will find sufficient nourishment from their flesh and blood”. (Ahmad) Ahmad, At-Tirmidhee, and ibn Maajah related the same Hadith through different chains Ibn Jareer and Ibn Abee Haatim related a similar narration from Ka’ab Al- Ahbaar. And Allah Knows best.

Abu Sa’eed Al Khudree (RA) related that he heard the Messenger of Allah (SAS) say, “An opening will be made for Yajooj and Majooj, (Gog and Magog) and they will come out just as Allah says: “Traveling quickly through every mound”. The people will move, frightened and startled, betaking themselves away from them to their cities and fortresses. And they will bring their livestock along with them. The people of Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magoog) will wander and drink the water of the earth. One of them will pass by a river and say, ‘There used to be a time when there was water here’. When every single person will have sought refuge in a city or fortress, one from Yajooj and Majooj will say, ‘These are the inhabitants of the earth, and we have finished with them. There remain the inhabitants of the sky’. One of them will rock his spear and launch it toward the sky. It will return to them, dyed in blood, as a trial and test. While they are upon that state, Allah will send a disease in their necks, like Naghaf (a kind of worm) of Al Jaraad, which go into their necks. They will all die, and not a sound will be heard from them. The Muslims will say, ‘would that a man sells his soul (for Paradise) and goes to see what the enemy has done’. A man from them takes the task upon himself, seeking reward for his soul (i.e. for dying); he thinks that he will indeed die. He will descend, finding them all to be dead, heaped on top of one another. He will call out, “O group of Muslims, Lo! Rejoice! Indeed Allah has saved you from your enemies. They will come out from their cities and fortresses, and they will send their livestock to graze, but they will find no pasture except for their meat (i.e. the meat of Yajooj and Majooj- meaning that their corpses will be covering every space of land). Their livestock will find nourishment from them, just as they found nourishment from the best plants they reaped’. (Ahmad) Ibn Majah related it from Younus Ibn Bukair from Muhammad Ibn Ishaaq in a chain that is good.

Ibn Harmalah related that his Khaala (aunt from the mother’s side) said, “The Messenger of Allah gave a sermon and he had his finger bandaged from the bite of a scorpion. He (SAS) said, “Indeed you see that you have no enemy. But you will continue to fight an enemy until Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magoog) come out they have wide faces, small eyes, and suhb (blondness or redness in their hair). They will come quickly from every mound, and their faces are like shields”. (Ahmad)

Yajooj and Majooj (Gog Magog) are two groups from the Turks (i.e. from the race of the Tatars), from the progeny of Adam (AS) and this is established in As Saheeh, in the following narration: Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection: “O Adam”. “He will say, Labbaik Wa Sa’daik (here I am, hoping to please you time after time).” He will call out with a voice, “bring out the people of the Hellfire.” ….He will say, “How many?” Allah will say, “from every 1000, 999 (people) to the fire and one to the Paradise.” “on that day the young one will become gray-headed and every pregnant one will drop her load. And it will be said, “In Yajooj and Majooj you have a sacrifice (i.e. though 999 out of 100 is a high percentage, it must be remembered that the people of Yajooj and Majooj represent a high percentage of the children of Adam).” And in another narration, it will be said, “Among you are two nations that were not in anything except that they increased it: Yajooj and Majooj”. Yajooj and Majooj are descended from Hawaa (AS), though some have said that they are from Adam (SA) but not from Hawwa. They say that Adam (AS) had a wet dream and his sperm got mixed in with dirt, and from that liquid Allah created Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog). However, there is no proof for this, and it is not related from anyone from whom it is compulsory to accept a narration. And Allah knows best. They are from the progeny of Noah (AS), from the descendents of Yaafith, who is the father of the Turks (i.e., the race of the Tatars). They used to live on earth and they would cause great harm. Dhul- Qarnain besieged them in their place, with the barrier. There they will remain until Allah brings them out upon the people. Then their affair will be as mentioned in the above narrations.

Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) Are People

They will resemble other people like the children of their kind from the Turks. Whoever says that some of them are tall date-trees while others from them are so short that they are insignificant, has spoken about a matter which he has no knowledge or proof. It is related in a Hadeeth, “One among them won’t die until he sees 1000 people from his progeny”. And Allah knows best whether this is authentic. In another narration, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (RA) related that the Prophet (SAS) said, “Indeed Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) are from the children of Adam. Had they been sent, they would ruin the lives of the people. One among them won’t die until he leaves 1000 (children) or more. And behind them are three nations: Taweel, Maaris, and Mansik”. (At Tabaraanee) This hadeeth is Ghareeb, and it may be from the speech of ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (RA).And Allah knows best. ‘Abdullah ibn Abee Yazeed said, Ibn ‘Abbaas (RA) saw children jumping on (or over each other as they were playing. Ibn ‘Abbaas (RA) said, ‘This is how Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) will come out.’(Trials and Tribulations- Hafiz Ibn Katheer pgs.155-159).

The Beast

With respect to the beast that will emerge from the ground, the Holy Quran stated, ‘And when the word is fulfilled against them, we shall bring out from the earth a beast for them, to speak to them because mankind believed not with certainty in our signs’.

Here, in this verse of the Holy Quran, mention is made about a beast that will come out from the earth. With respect to the explaination concerning this, the Prophet (SAS) has given guidelines that tell of the time and nature of ‘emerging’ of the beast.
In a tradition recorded by Imam Ahmad, Huzaifa (RA) narrates that the Prophet (SAS) said that the Doomsday will not come until you witness ten signs of it. They are: –

1) Appearance of the sun from the west
2) Dukhan (smoke)
3) Dabbatul Ard (the beast emerging from the earth)
4) Coming of Gog and Magog
5) Descent of Isa (AS)
6) The Dajjal (Anti Christ)
7), (8), (9) three Lunar eclipses together – one in the west, the second in the west and the third in the Arabian Peninsula.
10) A fire

The above hadith inform of the emergence of an animal close to the hour of judgment that will speak to human beings.

According to a tradition narrated by Ibn Umar (RA) recorded by Abu Dawood Tayalisi, it stated that this animal will emerge in Makkah from the Mount of Safa and will then reach an area between the black stone and the station of Ibraheem (AS). Seeing this creature, many people will begin to run, and only one group will stay behind. Then the beast will make their faces glitter like stars. After this, it will go out in the world and put a sign of disbelief (kufr) on the face of every unbeliever, and no one will be able to escape its grasp. It will recognize every believer and unbeliever.

With respect to what this beast will speak to people about, some commentators are of the view that it will communicate what is stated in the Quran. That is, it will give the message on behalf of Allah that ‘Many did not believe our verse before this’. It would mean that now the time has come when everyone would (want to) believe, however it would be too late, because it would not be acceptable. Ibn Abbas (RA), Hasan Basri and Qatadah have reported that the beast will converse with the people normally, as people do among themselves’. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer).

And Allah knows best.
Mufti Waseem Khan

This answer was collected from DarulUloomTT.net, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Waseem Khan from Darul Uloom Trinidad and Tobago.