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Is Selling 3 Sofas in Return for 4 Sofas Muʾajjalan (Deferred) Permissible?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by DarulIftaBirmingham

Answered by: Maulana Yūsuf Badāt


Is selling 3 sofas in return for 4 sofas muʾajjalan (deferred) permissible?

In the name of Allāh, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.


It is only Islamically permissible to trade 3 sofas for 4 sofas if the transaction takes place on the spot with nothing owing. In the described scenario, deferring is not permitted as it will constitute ribā (usury). The principle is that if the commodity is the same on both sides of the transaction, then deferring is not permitted. The disparity is allowed since the commodity is not weighed or measured. (See: Rad Al-Muḥtār, Vol 5, Page 175, Dār Al-Fikr)1

Only Allāh knows best.

Written by Maulana Yūsuf Badāt

Checked and approved by Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah

Darul Ifta Birmingham

1 أَنَّ هَذَا مِمَّا لَمْ يَدْخُلْهُ الْقَدْرُ الشَّرْعِيُّ كَالسَّيْفِ وَالسَّيْفَيْنِ وَالْإِبْرَةِ وَالْإِبْرَتَيْنِ فَجَوَازُ التَّفَاضُلِ لِعَدَمِ دُخُولِ الْقَدْرِ الشَّرْعِيِّ فِيهِمَا وَيَحْرُمُ النَّسَاءُ لِوُجُودِ الْجِنْسِ – كتاب الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين رد المحتار ج٥ / ص ١٧٥ دار الفكر

This answer was collected from DarulIftaBirmingham.co.uk, which is run under the supervision of Mufti Mohammed Tosir Miah from the United Kingdom.

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