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Is this Nikah valid?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Inwant to ask you a question regarding nikah. When i was in class 10th , few boys of my classmates (boys) sitting in the back of class started saying : The nikah of _____ girl is being done with ____ boy with 1rupee as meher, the intention of them was to make fun and crack jokes. They were taking different names of girls with different boys in fun. But we the girls did not response them. I remember that they also took my name with names ofย  boys that i don’t remember that with whom they took my name, even i don’t know (to be more specific) cause i did not pay attention. I don’t know whether the boys said yes or no. But i did’nt give any response.
is this nikah valid?
Also please tell me what are the minimum conditions of nikah?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salฤmu โ€˜alaykum wa-rahmatullฤhi wa-barakฤtuh.

In the enquired case, the Nikah was not valid.[1]

The minimum conditions for a Nikah to be valid are:

  1. Offer from one party (ฤซjaab).
  2. Acceptance from the other party (Qabลซl).
  3. The Nikah must be made in the presence of two witnesses.[2]

And Allah Taโ€™ฤla Knows Best

Saleem khan

Student Darul Iftaa
Bradford, UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

www.daruliftaa.net


[1] ูˆุฃู…ุง ุฑูƒู† ุงู„ู†ูƒุงุญ ูู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅูŠุฌุงุจ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุจูˆู„

.

[ุงู„ุจุฏุงูŠุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงู‰ุน ุฌ ูฃ ุต ูฃูกูง ุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ูƒุชุจ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ูŠู‡]

ุฅุฐุง ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุงู…ุฑุฃุฉ: ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู…ุฑุฃุชูŠุŒ ูˆู‚ุงู„ุช ุงู„ู…ุฑุฃุฉ: ู‡ุฐุง ุฒูˆุฌูŠุŒ ูˆูƒุงู†ุช ุจู…ุญุถุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ุดู‡ูˆุฏ ู„ุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ู†ูƒุงุญุงู‹

[ุงู„ู…ุญูŠุท ุงู„ุจุฑู‡ุงู†ูŠ ุฌ ูค ุต ูกู  ุงุฏุงุฑุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฑุขู†]

ูˆูŠู†ุนู‚ุฏ ุฃูŠ ุงู„ู†ูƒุงุญ ุฃูŠ ูŠุซุจุช ูˆูŠุญุตู„ ุงู†ุนู‚ุงุฏู‡ ุจุงู„ุฅูŠุฌุงุจ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุจูˆู„

[ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ ุฌ ูฃ ุต ูฉ ุจุงุจูŠ ุญู„ุจูŠ]

[2]ย ย  ย 

ุง (ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ:) ุจูŽู„ูŽุบูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ุฑูŽุณููˆู„ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู – ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูˆูŽุณูŽู„ู‘ูŽู…ูŽ – ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู‡ู ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ: ยซู„ูŽุง ู†ููƒูŽุงุญูŽ ุฅู„ู‘ูŽุง ุจูุดูู‡ููˆุฏูยป ูˆูŽุจูู‡ู ุฃูŽุฎูŽุฐูŽ ุนูู„ูŽู…ูŽุงุคูู†ูŽุง ุฑูŽุญูู…ูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽู‰

ู„ู…ุจุณูˆุท ู„ู„ุณุฑุฎุณูŠ (5/ 30)

ุญุงุดูŠุฉ ุงู„ุดู„ุจูŠ ุนู„ูŠ ุชุจูŠูŠู† ุงู„ุญู‚ุงุฆู‚ (2/ 95)

ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ุดู‘ูŽูŠู’ุฎ ุจูŽุงูƒููŠุฑูŒ – ุฑูŽุญูู…ูŽู‡ู ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู -: ูˆูŽุดูŽุฑู’ุทูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฎูŽุงุตู‘ู: ุญูุถููˆุฑู ุดูŽุงู‡ูุฏูŽูŠู’ู†ู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู‚ูุฏู ุฅู„ู‘ูŽุง ุจูู‡ู …(ู‚ูŽูˆู’ู„ูู‡ู: ูˆูŽุฑููƒู’ู†ูู‡ู ุงู„ู’ุฅููŠุฌูŽุงุจู ูˆูŽุงู„ู’ู‚ูŽุจููˆู„ู) ุฃูŽูŠู’ ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู‚ูุฏูŽ ุจูุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุนูŽุงุทููŠ ุงู‡ู€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ุนูู…ูŽุงุฏููŠู‘ูŽุฉู: ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ู„ูŽูˆู’ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽุชู’ ุงู…ู’ุฑูŽุฃูŽุฉูŒ ู„ูุฑูŽุฌูู„ู: ุฒูŽูˆู‘ูŽุฌู’ุชููƒ ู†ูŽูู’ุณููŠ ู…ูู†ู’ูƒ ุจูุฏููŠู†ูŽุงุฑู ููŽุฏูŽููŽุนูŽ ุงู„ุฏู‘ููŠู†ูŽุงุฑูŽ ุฅู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ูŽุง ูููŠ ุงู„ู’ู…ูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณูุŒ ูˆูŽู„ูŽู…ู’ ูŠูŽู‚ูู„ู’ ุจูู„ูุณูŽุงู†ูู‡ู ุดูŽูŠู’ุฆู‹ุง ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู‚ูุฏู ุงู„ู†ู‘ููƒูŽุงุญูุŒ ูˆูŽุฅูู†ู’ ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ุจูุญูŽุถู’ุฑูŽุฉู ุงู„ุดู‘ูู‡ููˆุฏู ุงู‡ู€ ู‚ูŽุงู„ูŽ ูููŠ ุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุชูŽุงุฑู’ุฎูŽุงู†ููŠู‘ูŽุฉ ู†ูŽู‚ู’ู„ู‹ุง ุนูŽู†ู’ ุงู„ุณู‘ูุบู’ู†ูŽุงู‚ููŠู‘ู: ูˆูŽู‡ูŽุฐูŽุง ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู‚ู’ุฏู ู„ูŽุง ูŠูŽู†ู’ุนูŽู‚ูุฏู ุจูุงู„ุชู‘ูŽุนูŽุงุทููŠ ู…ูุจูŽุงู„ูŽุบูŽุฉู‹ ูููŠ ุตููŠูŽุงู†ูŽุฉู ุงู„ู’ุฃูŽุจู’ุถูŽุงุนู ู…ูู†ู’ ุงู„ู’ู‡ูŽุชู’ูƒู.

ูˆูŠู†ุนู‚ุฏ ุฃูŠ ุงู„ู†ูƒุงุญ ุฃูŠ ูŠุซุจุช ูˆูŠุญุตู„ ุงู†ุนู‚ุงุฏู‡ ุจุงู„ุฅูŠุฌุงุจ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุจูˆู„

[ุฑุฏ ุงู„ู…ุญุชุงุฑ ุฌ ูฃ ุต ูฉ ุจุงุจูŠ ุญู„ุจูŠ]

ูˆุฃู…ุง ุฑูƒู† ุงู„ู†ูƒุงุญ ูู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅูŠุฌุงุจ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุจูˆู„

.

[ุงู„ุจุฏุงูŠุน ุงู„ุตู†ุงู‰ุน ุฌ ูฃ ุต ูฃูกูง ุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ูƒุชุจ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ูŠู‡]

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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