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Students taking drugs to study for exams

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

Many students here in the U.S take the drug Adderall to focus and study for exams and school work. I believe the drug is usually prescribed to people who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Can this drug be used for those not prescribed to the drug from a doctor to study? Many students have been asking around whether or not it is permissible. If you could kindly shed some light on this issue. 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Adderall is an amphetamine, which is a type of stimulant. It is commonly prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Because it suppresses the appetite and stimulates the metabolism, it is also used for weight loss. Others take Adderall for the high it can produce; it is highly addictive.[1] Furthermore, Adderall has a host of side effects which are detrimental to one’s health.[2] Using it without the guidance of a doctor may cause serious bodily injury.[3] Using Adderall without a prescription is illegal.[4]

It is clear from the above that Adderall is a drug used for specific medical conditions and has a high potential for abuse. Thus, it has been legally regulated through prescription. According to the fiqhī maxims, الضرورات تبيح المحظورات (Necessity relaxes prohibition) and الضرورة تتقدر بقدر الضرورة (Necessity is confined to need) it is impermissible to use Adderall without prescription.[5] Furthermore, as Muslims, we are bound to uphold the laws of the country which are not contrary to Sharī‘ah.[6] As such, one should endeavor to respect and follow the laws of the country.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hisham Dawood

Student, Darul Iftaa
Chicago, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] http://chemistry.about.com/od/drugs/a/Adderall-Facts.htm

[3] ibid

[4] http://www.cnn.com/2011/09/01/health/drugs-adderall-concentration/


 هذا نظرا إلى فساد زماننا. وخاصة إذ يدعو قليله إلى كثيره. قال صاحب الهداية في كتاب الأشربة: لهما قوله عليه السلام{حرمت الخمر لعينها} ويروى بعينها قليلها وكثيرها والسكر من كل شراب خص السكر بالتحريم في غير الخمر إذ العطف للمغايرة ولأن المفسد هو القدح المسكر وهو حرام عندنا وإنما يحرم القليل منه لأنه يدعو لرقته ولطافته إلي الكثير فأعطي حكمه


 فمن جوز التسعير في العروض جاز عنده هذا التسعير أيضا، ولا ينبغي مخالفة هذا السعر إما لأن طاعة الإمام…و إما لأن كل من يسكن دولة فإنه يلتزم قولا أو عملا بأنه يتبع قوانينها وحينئذ يجب عليه اتباع أحكامها ما دامت تلك القوانين لا تجبرها على معصية دينية (بحوث في قضايا فقهية معاصرة ص-١٦٧، مكتبة دار العلوم كراتشي)

پاسپورٹ اور ویزا حاصل کرنا ایک معاھدہ ہے اور عھد شکنی کو شریعت نے جرم عظیم قرار دیا، مباحات میں حکومت کی اطاعت واجب ہے (أحسن الفتاوى ج-٨ ص-٢١٧، سعيد) 

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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