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Can a Kafir touch the Qur’ān?

Answered as per Hanafi Fiqh by Askimam.org

 I have question regarding one of your Fatwar: 28649 Touching Quran without Wadu.

You stated that it is not allowed to touch Quran with out Wadu. In this case if non muslim wants to read it and interested in knowing Islam, they don’t know what Wadu is. so we are not allowed to give them Quran then! U can’t teach them Wadu when you give them Quran to read. I usually tell them to please clean your self up in a polite manner.  Please explain.

If this is allowed as an exception, then only Muslims are not allowed to touch. In that case correction is required in that Fatwa.

Please help with this question, cuz we are in Canada and we distribute so many Qurans to non muslim when they show interest in reading our book. 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is permissible to give a non-Muslim a Qur’aan on the following conditions:

  1. He/she shows respect to the Qur’aan.
  2. There is no fear of him/her disrespecting the Qur’aan.
  3. He/she performs Ghusl or wudhu according to one’s condition of Janabah before handling the Qur’aan. Hence, it is necessary for one be taught how to perform Ghusl and Wudhu before giving him/her the Qur’aan.[1]

Hence, whether it is a Muslim or non-Muslim, it is necessary for one to have wudhu before handling the Qur’aan. We hope this clears your misconception.


And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] Fatawa Raheemiyyah, (3/32) [Darul Isha’at]


Kifayatul Mufti, (1/132) [Darul Isha’at]


Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, (3/575) [Faruqiyyah]

(البحر الرائق، دار الكتب العلمية، ج١ ص٣٥٠)

وَالنَّصْرَانِيُّ إذَا تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ يُعَلَّمُ وَالْفِقْهُ كَذَلِكَ؛ لِأَنَّهُ عَسَى يَهْتَدِي لَكِنْ لَا يَمَسُّ الْمُصْحَفَ، وَإِذَا اغْتَسَلَ ثُمَّ مَسَّ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ فِي قَوْلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِنْدَهُمَا يُمْنَعُ مِنْ مَسِّ الْمُصْحَفِ مُطْلَقًا


(كتاب التجنيس والمزيد، إدارة القرآن والعلوم الإسلامية، ج١ ص٤٧٧)

النصراني إذا تعلم القرآن يعلم والفقه كذلك لأنه عسى يهتدي، لكن لا يمس المصحف، فإذا اغتسل ثم مس لا بأس به. قال (المرغيناني) رضي الله عنه: وهذا قول محمد رضي الله عنه، وعند أبي يوسف رحمه الله: يمنع من المصحف مطلقا

This answer was collected from Askimam.org, which is operated under the supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai from South Africa.

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